A systematic qualitative review of risk and protective factors for sexual violence perpetration.

This review summarized the results of 191 empirical studies that examined the risk and protective factors of sexual violence perpetration.



Summary: Literature reviews of peer-reviewed articles were first conducted.  The results of these searches were then further analyzed by experts in sexual violence from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  119 empirical studies from the United States and 72 international empirical studies were reviewed and coded with the goal of identifying the risk and protective factors that successful sexual violence prevention programs address.  This review summarizes the prevention work that has been implemented from 1989 to 2009.  The review identified 67 risk and protective factors [Table 2].  This review sought to analyze comprehensive prevention strategies.  The comprehensive approach involves identifying risk and protective factors at the individual, relationship, community, and societal levels; as well as factors that may influence the perpetration of sexual violence.  Due to the lack of one primary prevention program to show broad public health success, developers of such programs must choose which factors and levels (i.e., societal, individual) to address.   


Applications: This article may be extremely useful to the sexual violence prevention field because it may guide future directions in program planning, development, and research.


Limitations: The majority of the articles that were studied involved programs that involved middle school, high school, and/or college students.  Very few studies meeting the authors criteria were found to address adult populations.

Tharp, A., DeGue, S., Valle, L., Brookmeyer, K., Masseti, G., & Matjasko, J.
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Trauma Violence and Abuse
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