Athletic coaches as violence prevention advocates

A study investigated the acceptability and impact of high school coaches delivering violence prevention messages through the Coaching Boys Into Men (CBIM) program.


Summary: In Northern California, 116 coaches from various sports from 16 high schools participated  in a study aimed at preventing adolescent relationship abuse and sexual violence. The study used the Coaching Boys Into Men (CBIM) prevention program alter gender norms that may foster adolescent relationship abuse and sexual violence perpetration, and promote bystander intervention. The CBIM curriculum consisted of a 60-minute training and a Coaches kit. The study included a control group of coaches who did not receive the CBIM training.  Two surveys were administered, one at the beginning and one at the end of the athletic season (approximately three months later). Some coaches in the intervention group (n=36) also participated in a semi-structured face-to-face interview. Compared to the control group, the intervention group of coaches demonstrated significant increases in positive bystander intervention attitudes, and confidence intervening with athletes. They also reported a higher frequency of violence prevention discussions with athletes and other coaches.    


Application/Evaluation: The study indicated that it might be feasible to engage high school coaches in conducting interventions aimed at reducing  adolescent relationship abuse and sexual violence. Sports coaches were receptive to implementing the Coaching Boys Into Men program and it showed a positive impact on the teams. A combination of surveys and interviews were used to measure the: coaches gender attitudes, frequency in which the coaches discussed violence against women with their players, and the coaches self efficacy to have conversations with players regarding violence against women and player’s behaviors.  


Limitations: The findings of the study may have been influenced by the coaches’ desires to provide positive feedback as an expectation of participating in the program (social desirability bias). The sample sizes of coaches who completed the surveys and interviews were small and may not be representative of other populations of coaches.  Additionally, the effects of the intervention after one season were unknown.

Jaime, M. C. D., McCauley, H. L., Tancredi, D. J., Nettiksimmons, J., Decker, M. R., Silverman, J. G., ... & Miller, E.
Reprint Status: 
Start Page: 
End Page: 
Journal/Periodical Name: 
Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Publication Date: