American Indian women and sexual assault: challenges and new opportunities.

The Federal Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 mandates that improvements be made to the systems that deal with sexual assault and American Indian/Alaskan Native women.



This brief examines the Feral Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 (TLOA) and suggests new strategies for effective programs and services that are specifically targeted to American Indian/Alaskan Native women.  Section 264 of TLOA calls for the development and realization of services for AI/AN women, and advocates for victims with the goal of preventing sex trafficking of AI/AN women.  A Sexual Assault Response Team training guide has been created by the Tribal Law & Policy Institute that helps to guide nonnative social workers and public health workers, so they may gain insight on culturally sensitive practices.  Another prevention strategy the researchers suggest is to educate elders and religious leaders regarding sexual assault with the goal of creating a layperson triage network to assist in informal support for victims.  The researchers call on public health professionals to utilize prevention science to create programs with different types of targets, to include community-wide information or media campaigns, as well as to develop education programs to be administered in school or informal Native groups.


Limitations: This is a review of literature and Tribal policy and does not include empirical data.


Application: This study highlights updates in tribal policy and prevention programs that have been developed and implemented as well as the importance of sexual assault prevention programs that target American Indian/Alaskan Native populations.

Gebhardt, A., & Woody, J.
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Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work
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