The association between disability and intimate partner violence in the United States.

This brief analyzed data from the 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey.

 

Summary: This communication brief analyzed data from the 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS).  The NISVS consisted of a telephone survey completed by 9,086 females and 7,421 males. The NISVS assessed many forms of interpersonal violence, including sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence (IPV).  The survey respondents self reported if: they were limited in any way or in any activities because of physical, mental, or emotional problems and if the respondent had any health problems that require the use of special equipment such as a cane, wheelchair, a special bed, or a special telephone. The survey found that nationally around 23.8% of women reported having a disability and 20.1% of men identified as having a disability.  The authors found that women who had a disability were more likely to experience IPV across all six types that were measured: rape, sexual violence other than rape, physical violence, stalking, psychological aggression, and control over reproductive health.  While men who had a disability were more likely to experience stalking and psychological aggression from an intimate partner.  The authors suggested that IPV prevention efforts should specifically target those who may have a disability. 

Application/Evaluation: This communication brief was an analysis of existing data and no evaluation took place.   This brief might be of use for professionals who work with diverse populations in violence prevention.

Limitations: The NISVS is limited to respondents who live in their home and therefore it leaves out a great number of individuals with a disability who may be institutionalized or under supervised care outside of the home.

Author: 
Breiding, M. J., & Armour, B. S.
Reprint Status: 
notinfile
Start Page: 
455
End Page: 
457
Journal/Periodical Name: 
Annals of Epidemiology
Volume: 
25
Issue: 
6
Publication Date: 
2015