Summary: This review sought to increase the data and research regarding what qualifies as an evidence-based rape prevention program with a target population of college/University students. The researchers conducted their review utilizing the databases of PsychInfo and Web of Science. The researchers utilized multiple combinations of the following keywords: intervention, prevention, sexual assault, sexual aggression, sexual violence, and rape. The searches resulted in the identification of 158 studies. Of those identified studies, 28 were evaluated as part of the review. Based on the review, four major main approaches to rape prevention were identified: prevention programs with men, risk reduction programs with women, mix-gender programs, and community level programs (bystander interventions, and social-norms campaigns). The researchers recognized the fact that there is not one universal prevention campaign that is most effective at preventing sexual violence on college/University campuses. This increases barriers to program implementation. However, the researchers suggested that further program evaluation of the identified prevention programs is necessary to increase data, which are necessary for prevention programs to obtain evidence-based status.
Application/Evaluation: No program evaluation took place. This study might be useful to those who are interested in developing rape prevention programs and strategies for college/University populations.
Limitations: While the study methods were rigorous, the number of selected studies was low. Conducting searches in additional databases may have increased the total number of identified studies for the review.