Campus sexual assault: A systematic review of prevalence research from 2000 to 2015.

The prevalence of sexual assault varies widely and is highly dependent on how sexual assault is defined and measured.

Summary: This systematic review examined 34 studies on campus sexual assault published from 2000 to 2015. This systematic review looked at specific forms of sexual victimization, as well as the prevalence of these forms. The specific forms were unwanted sexual contact, sexual coercion, rape by force, and rape by incapacitation (usually through the use of alcohol). Findings suggested that unwanted sexual contact was the most prevalent form of sexual assault on campus, followed by rape by incapacitation, and completed or attempted rape by force. The variability among studies was attributed largely to differences in sampling strategies, study designs, and definitions and categorization of sexual assault types.

Application/Evaluation: The study did not evaluate the effectiveness of a health program or strategy.

Limitations: The bulk of these studies sampled predominantly white, heterosexual females.

Author: 
Fedina, L., Holmes, J.L., Backes, B.L.
Journal/Periodical Name: 
Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Volume: 
Ahead of Print
Publication Date: 
2015