A systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions to prevent and respond to violence against persons with disabilities.

Current research on the effectiveness of violence prevention and interventions for individuals with disabilities is weak, offering little guidance for policy-makers, practitioners, and individuals with disabilities.

Summary: The purpose of the study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on effectiveness of interventions to prevent and reduce the consequences of interpersonal violence against individuals with disabilities.  After conducting a variety of searches, 10 separate studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. Six of the studies included individuals with intellectual disabilities. Two studies included individuals with developmental disabilities. All studies received a weak rating based on the use of a quality assessment tool. After risk of bias was determined, none of the 10 interventions were considered to be effective. The authors noted that there is an critical need for more high quality research in this year. They suggested testing if existing prevention strategies are effective for individuals with disabilities.

Application/Evaluation: The study did not evaluate the effectiveness of a health program or strategy.

Limitations: The study did not conduct searches in different languages and only one study was conducted in another language. 

Author: 
Mikton, C., Maguire, H., & Shakespeare, T.
Start Page: 
3207
End Page: 
3226
Journal/Periodical Name: 
Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume: 
29
Issue: 
17
Publication Date: 
2014