Sexual harassment: A review of the literature

Reviews the published research on sexual harassment. Definitional, epidemiological, etiological, treatment, and prevention issues are examined as well as the literature on the effects of sexual harassment. Suggestions for future research are provided. Although there are many controversies concerning the definition of sexual harassment, it is clear that there are subtypes of sexual harassment, such as gender harassment, unwanted sexual attention, and sexual coercion. Existing research indicates that sexual harassment is a frequent form of victimization of women, affecting around half of all women, with verbal harassment being more common that nonverbal harassment. It appears common for sexual harassment victims to experience negative psychological, occupational, and economic consequences, although prospective research utilizing valid and comprehensive assessment methods needs to be conducted. Little is known about the etiology of sexual harassment, although models that take into account organizational and individual variables seem to account for more of the variance. Treatment of victims and harassers is hampered by a lack of treatment outcome research. Suggestions for future research are provided. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2002 APA, all rights reserved)
Author: 
O'Donohue,William
Downs,Kala
Yeater,Elizabeth A.
Notes: 
LA- English AN- 1999-05799-001
Reprint Status: 
NOT IN FILE
Start Page: 
111
End Page: 
128
Journal/Periodical Name: 
Aggression and Violent Behavior
Volume: 
3
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 
The authors review research on sexual harassment related to definitional, etiological, epidemiological, treatment, prevention issues, and effects. The authors state that while there are many controversies concerning how sexual harassment is defined, it is evident that there are subtypes of sexual harassment, including such as gender harassment, unwanted sexual attention, and sexual coercion. Existing research also indicates that women are frequently affected by sexual harassment and that verbal harassment is more common than nonverbal harassment. It is common for victims of sexual harassment to experience negative psychological, work-related, and economic consequences. Suggestions for future research are offered.
Topic Areas: 
Effects; harassment; prevention
Reference Type: 
JOUR
Reference ID: 
307
Publication Date: 
1998