Sexual harassment: Factors affecting attitudes and perceptions

The current study investigated the effects of gender, gender role, gender role stereotypes, age, occupation, and experience of sexual harassment on both attitudes to and perceptions of sexual harassment. The effects of these variables were also investigated in relation to experience of sexual harassment. Five questionnaires were administered to a sample of 48 high school students, 73 university students, and 75 workers (123 females, 73 males). The majority of respondents were of Anglo-Saxon descent. Gender role, gender role stereotypes, experience of sexual harassment, and perceptions of sexual harassment predicted attitudes to sexual harassment. Gender differences were also found in sexual harassment attitudes. Perceptions of sexual harassment were predicted by attitudes to sexual harassment, and gender role, with no gender differences being exhibited. Occupation, attitudes to sexual harassment and gender role were found to predict experience of sexual harassment. Age was also found to be strongly related to this variable. The results are interpreted within the framework of social learning theory and script theory. Limitations of the study and recommendations for future research are made
Author: 
Foulis,Danielle
McCabe,Marita P.
Reprint Status: 
IN FILE
Start Page: 
773
End Page: 
798
Journal/Periodical Name: 
Sex Roles: A Journal of Research
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
9-10
Abstract: 
The authors examine how gender, gender role, gender role stereotypes, age, occupation, and experience of sexual harassment impact attitudes and perceptions of sexual harassment among high school and university students, as well as workers (123 females, 73 males). These variables were also investigated in terms of their relationship to the experience of sexual harassment. The results of this study are discussed within the framework of social learning and script theories.
Topic Areas: 
Adolescent/high school; college; harassment
Reference Type: 
JOUR
Reference ID: 
2392
Publication Date: 
1997/11/01