Sexual assault education programs: A meta-analytic examination of their effectiveness

Meta-analyses of the effectiveness of college sexual assault education programs on seven outcome measure categories were conducted using 69 studies that involved 102 treatment interventions and 18,172 participants. Five of the outcome categories had significant average effect sizes (i.e., rape attitudes, rape-related attitudes, rape knowledge, behavioral intent, and incidence of sexual assault), while the outcome areas of rape empathy and rape awareness behaviors did not have average effect sizes that differed from zero. A significant finding of this study is that longer interventions are more effective than brief interventions in altering both rape attitudes and rape-related attitudes. Moderator analyses also suggest that the content of programming, type of presenter, gender of the audience, and type of audience may also be associated with greater program effectiveness. Implications for research and practice are discussed.ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR
Author: 
Anderson,Linda A.
Whiston,Susan C.
Notes: 
Accession Number: 18807695; Anderson, Linda A. 1 Email Address: Linda.Anderson@oregonstate.eduWhiston, Susan C. 2; Affiliations: 1: University Counseling and Psychological Services, Oregon State University 2: Department of Counseling Educational Psychology, Indiana University; Source Information: Dec2005, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p374; Subject Term: AWARENESSSubject Term: COLLEGE studentsSubject Term: EDUCATION, HigherSubject Term: EMPATHYSubject Term: META-analysisSubject Term: RAPE; Number of Pages: 15p; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.2005.00237.x; Document Type: Article
Reprint Status: 
IN FILE
Start Page: 
374
End Page: 
388
Journal/Periodical Name: 
Psychology of Women Quarterly
Volume: 
29
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 
The authors conducted an analysis of the effectiveness of sexual assault education programs on college campuses. The study was unique because it examined a wide variety of outcomes and explored the impact of several program factors on program effectiveness. Meta-analyses were conducted with 69 studies and 102 treatment interventions. The results showed that sexual assault programs influenced the most positive change in rape knowledge. The programs had a small, but positive influence on rape attitudes. They had a smaller impact on behavioral intentions, rape-related attitudes, and incidence of sexual assault and no impact on rape empathy and rape awareness behaviors. Several factors were associated with program effectiveness including length of the intervention, type of presenter, program content, type of audience, and gender of audience. Implications for practice and research are presented.
Topic Areas: 
College, Curriculum, Evaluation, Prevention
Reference Type: 
JOUR
Reference ID: 
2274
Publication Date: 
2005/12