Risk for reassault in abusive female same-sex relationships

Objectives. We revised the Danger Assessment to predict reassault in abusive female same-sex relationships. Methods. We used focus groups and interviews to evaluate the assessment tool and identify new risk factors and telephone interviews at baseline and at 1-month follow-up to evaluate the revised assessment. Results. The new assessment tool comprised 8 original and 10 new items. Predictors included increase in physical violence (relative risk ratio [RRR] = 1.95; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.84, 4.54), constant jealousy or possessiveness of abuser (RRR = 4.07; 95% CI = 0.61, 27.00), cohabitation (RRR = 1.96; 95% CI = 0.54, 7.12), threats or use of gun by abuser (RRR = 1.93; 95% CI = 0.79, 4.75), alcoholism or problem drinking of abuser (RRR = 1.47; 95% CI = 0.79, 2.71), illegal drug use or abuse of prescription medications by abuser (RRR = 1.33; 95% CI = 0.72, 2.46), stalking by abuser (RRR = 1.39; 95% CI = 0.70, 2.76), failure of individuals to take victim seriously when she sought help (RRR = 1.66; 95% CI = 0.90, 3.05), victim's fear of reinforcing negative stereotypes (RRR = 1.42; 95% CI = 0.73, 2.77), and secrecy of abuse (RRR = 1.72; 95% CI = 0.74, 3.99). Both unweighted (P.005) and weighted (P.004) versions of the revised assessment were significant predictors of reassault. Conclusions. The revised Danger Assessment accurately assesses risk of reassault in abusive female relationships.
Author: 
Glass,N.,Perrin,N.,Hanson,G.,Bloom,T.,Gardner,E., Campbell,J.C.
Notes: 
IS
Reprint Status: 
NOT IN FILE
Start Page: 
1021
End Page: 
1027
Journal/Periodical Name: 
American Journal of Public Health
Volume: 
98
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 
The purpose of this study was to validate the accuracy of a revised version of the Danger Assessment (DA) instrument in assessing risk for re-assault by an abusive female partner among LBT women. In Phase 1 risk factors from the original DA were reviewed and input was received from victims and perpetrators about factors that were relevant to abusive female same-sex relationships. In Phase 2 the original DA and new risk factor items were evaluated by interviewing a sample of women. The new assessment tool identified several predictors of re-assault: an increase in physical violence, constant jealousy or possessiveness, cohabitation, threats or use of gun by abuser, illegal drug use or abuse of prescription medication by abuser, stalking, failure of individuals to take victim seriously when seeking help, fear of reinforcing negative stereotypes, and secrecy of abuse.
Topic Areas: 
evaluation, lesbian, gay, bisexual transgender, risk, secondary victimization, underserved populations
Reference Type: 
JOUR
Reference ID: 
2571
Publication Date: 
2008/06