A prospective analysis of sexual assault perpetration: Risk factors related to perpetrator characteristics

This study prospectively evaluated perpetrator risk factors for sexual assault perpetration, including peer influences, beliefs and attitudes about sexuality, alcohol use, and token resistance. Perpetration of sexual assault was evaluated at three time periods: pretest, 3-month follow-up, and 7-month follow-up. Retrospective and prospective analyses yielded differential predictors of sexually aggressive behavior. However, perpetration of sexual assault at any particular assessment period was a predictor of perpetration during the subsequent follow-up period. Furthermore, several variables that have previously been demonstrated in the literature to be related to the perpetration of sexual assault were not significant in regression analyses, indicating that these variables may be rendered insignificant when accounting for past perpetration in prospective analyses. These findings may have significant potential impact on development of sexual assault prevention programming with men
Author: 
Loh,Catherine
Gidycz,Christine A.
Lobo,Tracy R.
Luthra,Rohini
Reprint Status: 
IN FILE
Start Page: 
1325
End Page: 
1348
Journal/Periodical Name: 
Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume: 
20
Issue: 
10
Abstract: 
The purpose of the study was to assess perpetrator risk factors for committing sexual assault. The risk factors under investigation included peer influences, beliefs and attitudes about sexuality, alcohol use, and token resistance. A longitudinal design was implemented and included a baseline, 3-month follow-up, and 7-month follow-up. Out of 325 undergraduate male students, 215 participated in all three assessment periods. Approximately one third (31.2%) of the participants reported engaging in sexually aggressive behaviors after age 14 and before starting the study. The prospective analyses showed that history of sexual perpetration and fraternity membership at baseline were significant predictors of sexual aggression during the 3-month time period. Significant predictors of sexual aggression during the 7-month time period were sexual perpetration during the 3-month follow-up and adversarial heterosexual beliefs. Other variables were not significant predictors. The impact of the findings on sexual assault prevention programs for men is discussed.
Topic Areas: 
College, Perpetration, Risk
Reference Type: 
JOUR
Reference ID: 
2275
Publication Date: 
2005/10/01