The prediction of sexual aggression by alcohol use, athletic participation and fraternity affiliation

Alcohol, athletics, and fraternities have been targeted in the popular media as primary causes of sexual aggression on campus. Except in the case of alcohol, the empirical data supporting these associations is weak. The present study assessed the joint contribution of these three variables to the prediction of sexual aggression among a sample of 530 undergraduate men including 140 athletes representing all varsity sports. Approximately 11% of the variance in the level of sexual aggression was accounted for by four variables including self-reported intensity of alcohol use and degree of athletic participation, but not fraternity affiliation. The alcohol and athletic variables also discriminated those men who reported participating in gang rapes (N = 17) from those not involved. Although significant prediction was achieved, the results must be viewed cautiously as the power of the effects was small. The article concludes with the implications of the findings for rape prevention education.
Author: 
Koss,Mary P.
Gaines,John A.
Notes: 
LA- English AN- 1993-29786-001
Reprint Status: 
IN FILE
Start Page: 
94
End Page: 
108
Journal/Periodical Name: 
Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume: 
8
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 
This paper reports the results from the National Survey of Adolescents (NSA). The survey (funded by the National Institute of Justice) used a probability sample of 4,023 adolescents aged 12-17 years who were contacted by telephone about their victimization experiences, their substance use, and their families' substance use. Specifically, the data collected included the following variables: age, gender, race, nonexperimental alcohol use, nonexperimental marijuana and hard drug use, age of onset for nonexperimental substance use, sexual and/or physical assault, witnessed violence, familial alcohol problems, familial drug use, and substance abuse/dependence and PTSD (as determined by DSM-IV criteria). Results revealed that more than 10% of the 17-year-old participants demonstrated substance abuse/dependence at the time of the study. Of this group, 7% revealed marijuana abuse/dependence and 2% revealed hard drug abuse/dependence. The total sample of adolescents in the study demonstrated a prevalence of 4% for alcohol and marijuana abuse/dependence. Furthermore, witnessed violence increased the risk of substance use within the previous year. Although PTSD status was not associated with alcohol abuse/dependence, it did represent an increased risk for the use of marijuana and hard drug abuse/dependence. Furthermore, compared to Caucasians
Topic Areas: 
Adolescent/High School, Alcohol, Racial/Ethnic Differences
Reference Type: 
JOUR
Reference ID: 
635
Publication Date: 
1993/03/March