Describes the frequency of possible risk factors that emerged in a study of psychosocial response to sexual assault among African-American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic White women during treatment at a major urban rape treatment center. Of 881 victims screened, 51% had no observable risk factors while the remaining 49% were in categories of increased vulnerability, such as mental disability, prior history of rape or incest, tourist or visitor status, and homelessness. Results indicate that ethnic groups varied significantly in these categories, suggesting socioeconomic and cultural variables that may affect rape statistics and that should be taken into account in rape prevention programs in the community. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2002 APA, all rights reserved)
Community Mental Health Journal
The authors discuss the frequency of risk factors detected in a study of sexual assault among African American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic White women during treatment at a major rape treatment center. A total of 881 victims were screened: 449 were negative for observable risk factors while the remaining 432 were positive for risk factors. These risk factors included: previous history of rape or incest, mental disability, tourist or visitor status, and homelessness. Results suggest that ethnic groups vary significantly in these categories. It is suggested that economic and cultural variables may affect rape risk factors and should be taken into account when planning rape prevention programs.
Prevention; racial/ethnic differences; risk; survivors