Mental disorder, subsistence strategies, and victimization among gay, lesbian, and bisexual homeless and runaway adolescents

This study compares participation in deviant subsistence strategies, street victimization, and lifetime prevalence of five mental disorders (conduct disorder, major depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, and drug abuse) among heterosexual males and females (n = 366) and gay, lesbian, and bisexual (n = 63) homeless and runaway adolescents from the first wave of a longitudinal study of homeless youth in four Midwestern states. The results indicate that gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents were more likely to have been physically and sexually abused by caretakers, were more likely to engage in risky survival strategies when on their own (including survival sex), were more likely to be physically and sexually victimized when on the streets, and were more likely to meet criteria for mental disorder than were their heterosexual counterparts.
Author: 
Whitbeck,Les B.
Chen,Xiaojin
Hoyt,Dan R.
Tyler,Kimberly A.
Johnson,Kurt D.
Notes: 
Accession Number: 15567554; Whitbeck, Les B. 1 Email Address: lwhitbeck2@unl.eduChen, Xiaojin 2Hoyt, Dan R. 1Tyler, Kimberly A. 1Johnson, Kurt D. 1; Affiliations: 1: University of Nebraska-Lincoln 2: Tulane University; Source Information: Nov2004, Vol. 41 Issue 4, p329; Subject Term: ALCOHOLISMSubject Term: MENTAL illnessSubject Term: PSYCHOLOGY, PathologicalSubject Term: RUNAWAY teenagersSubject Term: SEX crimesSubject Term: SUBSTANCE abuseSubject Term: HOMELESS teenagersSubject Term: GLBT teenagers; Number of Pages: 14p; Illustrations: 6 charts, 1 graph; Document Type: Article; Full Text Word Count: 10358
Reprint Status: 
IN FILE
Start Page: 
329
End Page: 
342
Journal/Periodical Name: 
Journal of Sex Research
Volume: 
41
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 
This study examined participation in deviant subsistence strategies, having been physically or sexually victimized while homeless, and lifetime prevalence of five mental disorders among self-identified heterosexual, gay, lesbian, and bisexual homeless adolescents in four Midwestern states. The mental disorders under consideration were conduct disorder, major depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, and drug abuse. The study revealed that gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents were more likely than heterosexuals to have been physically or sexually abused by caretakers, to engage in high-risk survival strategies (such as survival sex), to be physically and sexually victimized while homeless, and to meet the criteria for one of the mental disorders.
Topic Areas: 
Adolescent / High School; lesbian, gay, bisexual transgender; Underserved Populations
Reference Type: 
JOUR
Reference ID: 
13
Publication Date: 
2004/11