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Episodically homeless women with serious mental illness: Prevalence of physical and sexual assault.

Assessed 3 aspects of physical and sexual assault in the histories 99 episodically homeless, seriously mentally ill women (aged 21-71 yrs): lifetime prevalence; severity, co-occurrence, and recency; and associations between levels of this victimization and specific characteristics of the Ss. Results indicate that the lifetime risk for violent victimization was so high (97%) that rape and physical battery are normative experiences. The risk for recurrent abuse was also high.

Street careers: Homelessness, drug use, and sex work among young men who have sex with men (YMSM)

"Hustling" or sex work is a common means of surviving on the streets and paying for drugs among homeless youth. In this article, we formulate the concepts of "street capital" and "street competencies" to describe how 10 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in New York City accumulated various knowledge and skills throughout their childhood and adolescence, and later entered into homelessness and the street economy as sex workers. While half of these young men described themselves as gay or bisexual, sexual identity was not a primary consideration amongst these youth.

Barriers to Services for Rural and Urban Survivors of Rape

A significant proportion of survivors of rape do not utilize formal services to cope with the aftermath of rape. Understanding victimization experiences in environments that differ on resources, such as rural versus urban areas, may be an important dimension to consider in understanding barriers. Thirty women (18 rural and 12 urban) were recruited from rape crisis centers to participate in focus groups.

Mexican American women's definitions of rape and sexual abuse

Examined the meaning of rape and sexual abuse from the points of view of women and suggested how rape research, prevention, and intervention strategies might become more culturally appropriate for them. Focus group approach was used to explore concepts related to rape and sexual abuse among 17 Mexican immigrant women 22-55 yrs old living in rural Arizona. The women discussed definitions of various forms of unwanted sexual experiences, their personal knowledge of someone who had been raped or sexually abused, and their perceptions of the roots of sexual abuse.

Sexual Violence Against Adolescent Girls: Influences of Immigration and Acculturation

This study investigates associations between immigration and acculturation with sexual assault among a large, representative sample of high school girls. The analysis utilized data from the Massachusetts Youth Risk Behavior Surveys conducted in 1999, 2001, and 2003 (N = 5,919). Adjusted logistic regression analyses were conducted among the full sample and a sexually active subsample. Being an immigrant was associated with recurring sexual assault victimization; this effect was not consistent across age and racial/ethnic groups.

Sexual Violence Inside Prisons: Rates of Victimization

Abstractnbsp;nbsp;People in prison are exposed to and experience sexual violence inside prisons, further exposing them to communicable diseases and trauma. The consequences of sexual violence follow the individual into the community upon release. This paper estimates the prevalence of sexual victimization within a state prison system. A total of 6,964 men and 564 women participated in a survey administered using audio-CASI. Weighted estimates of prevalence were constructed by gender and facility size.

Finding homeless youth: Patterns based on geographical area and number of homeless episodes

A census of homeless youth was conducted in locations across Los Angeles County, California. Building on previous research that has focused on homeless youth in cruise areas, the authors examined demographic and behavioral differences between homeless youth in cruise and noncruise areas. Youth in cruise areas were more likely than youth in noncruise areas to be older, to have been away from home longer, to have recently visited community-based agencies, and were likely to have resided in shelters and less likely to attend school.

Sexually abused women with mental retardation: Hidden victims, absent resources

Described sexual abuse (SA) among 14 adult women with mild mental retardation and examined the characteristics and experiences of the SA among them. Ss were interviewed and administered the Socio-Sexual Knowledge and Attitude Test. 11 Ss reported 59 separate instances of SA. Nearly 82% of the survivors were molested prior to their 18th birthday. Sex education did not prevent SA, but instead increased the reporting of SA. Most of the Ss received no medical, psychological, or legal help.

Mental disorder, subsistence strategies, and victimization among gay, lesbian, and bisexual homeless and runaway adolescents

This study compares participation in deviant subsistence strategies, street victimization, and lifetime prevalence of five mental disorders (conduct disorder, major depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, and drug abuse) among heterosexual males and females (n = 366) and gay, lesbian, and bisexual (n = 63) homeless and runaway adolescents from the first wave of a longitudinal study of homeless youth in four Midwestern states.

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