trauma

Treatment for survivors of rape: Issues and interventions

In this article, treatment issues in counseling survivors of rape are reviewed, including sociocultural influences on a women's response to rape, a survivor's history of victimization, the specific nature of the assault, and a survivor's experiences with self-blame. A multimodal treatment approach for women who experience chronic symptoms of posttraumtic stress disorder in the aftermath of rape is also presented.

The Dominance Scale: preliminary psychometric properties

Dominance may be the most widely mentioned risk factor for physical assaults on an intimate partner, but empirical studies have found mixed results. A new measure, the Dominance Scale, operationalizes a reconceptualization that examines three different forms of dominance: Authority, Restrictiveness, and Disparagement. Preliminary psychometric characteristics demonstrated good distributions and internal consistency in a sample of 131 undergraduates.

Trauma and women: Course, predictors, and treatment

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) resulting from aggravated assault, rape, or noncrime trauma affects over 4 million women in the United States, according to retrospective studies. Prospective studies reviewed here found that 3 months post assault the prevalence of PTSD was 48% in rape victims and 25% in nonsexual crime victims. Prolonged exposure treatment and stress inoculation training are both effective psychotherapeutic treatments for PTSD. Prolonged exposure involves having the patient relive the traumatic memory and recount the event in detail.

An Evaluation of a Sexual Assault Prevention and Advocacy Program for U.S. Navy Personnel

To address the needs of Navy personnel (and dependents), the Navy implemented the Sexual Assault Victim Intervention (SAVI) program. The SAVI program has two components, namely, a presentation/training component and an advocacy component. The presentation/training component involves education designed to increase awareness and prevention of sexual victimization, delivered to all military and civilian personnel through presentations, and training of SAVI advocates.

Rape as a community issue

Rape--it's an all too familiar event in many women's lives. But what is being done to prevent its occurrence? How do victims deal with the trauma of rape? How are local agencies dealing with the increasing number of victims? How effective are available treatment programs? From the causes of rape to its lingering effects, from disclosure to treatment, "The Rape Victim" offers the most complete examination to date on this most heinous crime.

Preventing sexual assault

Rape--it's an all too familiar event in many women's lives. But what is being done to prevent its occurrence? How do victims deal with the trauma of rape? How are local agencies dealing with the increasing number of victims? How effective are available treatment programs? From the causes of rape to its lingering effects, from disclosure to treatment, "The Rape Victim" offers the most complete examination to date on this most heinous crime.

Evaluation of Universal Screening for Military-Related Sexual Trauma

OBJECTIVES: In response to growing concerns about sexual violence as an underrecognized traumatic consequence of military service, Veterans Health Administration policy requires universal screening for sexual trauma sustained during military service. This prospective study, the first to evaluate national efforts to screen for military sexual trauma, investigated whether sexual trauma screening is associated with increased utilization of mental health services.

The Crime of Rape

Rape--it's an all too familiar event in many women's lives. But what is being done to prevent its occurrence? How do victims deal with the trauma of rape? How are local agencies dealing with the increasing number of victims? How effective are available treatment programs? From the causes of rape to its lingering effects, from disclosure to treatment, "The Rape Victim" offers the most complete examination to date on this most heinous crime.

Evaluability Assessment of the Rape Prevention and Education Program: Summary of Findings and Recommendations

This paper describes an evaluability assessment of CDC's Rape Prevention and Education (RPE) Program conducted to establish a baseline description and understanding of the current activities and goals of the program, revisit and update program performance measures, and identify opportunities for CDC to provide training and technical assistance to states.

Taking Charge: A Pilot Curriculum of Self-Defense and Personal Safety Training for Female Veterans With PTSD Because of Military Sexual Trauma

The authors describe an overview of the pilot project Taking Charge, a 36-hour comprehensive behavioral intervention involving psychoeducation, personal safety, and self-defense training for 12 female veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from military sexual trauma. Self-defense training can incorporate the benefits of repeated exposure while teaching proactive cognitive and behavioral responses to the feared stimuli, and thus facilitate emotional and physical rescripting of and mastery over the trauma.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - trauma