programs

Understanding Men's Perceptions of Risks and Rewards in a Date Rape Scenario

Existing research on date rape has identified important correlations between rape-supportive attitudes and sexual aggression. What remains unclear is the mechanism by which these attitudes are translated into sexually aggressive behavior. This study borrows from a rational choice framework to explore the relationship between attitudes, perceptions of the risks and rewards of engaging in date rape, and self-reported hypothetical aggression in a date rape scenario.

Understanding Men's Perceptions of Risks and Rewards in a Date Rape Scenario

Existing research on date rape has identified important correlations between rape-supportive attitudes and sexual aggression. What remains unclear is the mechanism by which these attitudes are translated into sexually aggressive behavior. This study borrows from a rational choice framework to explore the relationship between attitudes, perceptions of the risks and rewards of engaging in date rape, and self-reported hypothetical aggression in a date rape scenario.

Understanding Men's Perceptions of Risks and Rewards in a Date Rape Scenario

Existing research on date rape has identified important correlations between rape-supportive attitudes and sexual aggression. What remains unclear is the mechanism by which these attitudes are translated into sexually aggressive behavior. This study borrows from a rational choice framework to explore the relationship between attitudes, perceptions of the risks and rewards of engaging in date rape, and self-reported hypothetical aggression in a date rape scenario.

Measuring the quality of medical care for women who experience sexual assault with data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey

Study Objective: We provide new descriptive epidemiology on the demography and quality of care of women who experience sexual assault. Two limited aspects of emergency department treatment received by women who have experienced sexual assault are examined: (1) administration of emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy and (2) screening and treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

The effects of past sexual assault perpetration and alcohol consumption on men's reactions to women's mixed signals

Theories about misperception of social intent, cognitive distortions among rapists, and alcohol's effects on cognition describe processes that may contribute to acquaintance sexual assault. Drawing on these literatures, an experiment was conducted to examine the hypotheses about the effects of past sexual assault perpetration and alcohol consumption on 153 college men's reactions to a female confederate. As compared to nonperpetrators, self-acknowledged rapists and verbal coercers reported being more sexually attracted to the confederate.

Sexual assault and alcohol consumption: What do we know about their relationship and what types of research are still needed?

Approximately half of all sexual assaults are associated with either the perpetrator's alcohol consumption, the victim's alcohol consumption, or both. Although the emphasis of this review is on alcohol-involved sexual assaults, their unique aspects can only be evaluated by comparing them to other types of sexual assault. Theoretical perspectives on sexual assault that focus on characteristics of the perpetrator, the victim, and the situation are described.

Alcohol expectancies regarding sex, aggression, and sexual vulnerability: Reliability and validity assessment

This study was designed to validate the Alcohol Expectancies Regarding Sex, Aggression, and Sexual Vulnerability Questionnaire. This instrument includes alcohol expectancies in 4 domains (aggression, exual affect, sexual drive, and vulnerability to sexual coercion) for 3 targets (self, women, and men). Confirmatory factor analyses with 715 undergraduates supported the hypothesized factor structure for the entire sample, as well as for gender and ethnic subgroups. Each of the subscales had high internal consistency reliability, moderate test-retest reliability, and good discriminant validity.

The effectiveness of two types of rape prevention programs in changing the rape-supportive attitudes of college students

The current study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of two rape prevention programs in changing college students' rape-supportive attitudes. Male and female undergraduate (N=215) were asssigned to one of three conditions: an interactive mock talk show intervention, a structured video intervention, or a control group. Participants in this study were predominantly Caucasiona and ranged from in age from 18 to 42 years old, with a mean of 20 years of age.

Sexual assault education programs: A meta-analytic examination of their effectiveness

Meta-analyses of the effectiveness of college sexual assault education programs on seven outcome measure categories were conducted using 69 studies that involved 102 treatment interventions and 18,172 participants. Five of the outcome categories had significant average effect sizes (i.e., rape attitudes, rape-related attitudes, rape knowledge, behavioral intent, and incidence of sexual assault), while the outcome areas of rape empathy and rape awareness behaviors did not have average effect sizes that differed from zero.

Like a family but better because you can actually trust each other: the Expect Respect dating violence prevention program for at-risk youth

Expect Respect, a teen dating violence prevention program, was among four programs selected by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to participate in an empowerment evaluation project. As one aspect of this project, a qualitative study was designed to investigate the effects of Expect Respect support groups for at-risk youth. The goal was to understand the "how and why" of the program's impact on participants. Group interviews were conducted with five boys' and five girls' support groups after completion of the program.

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