OBJECTIVE: Research has shown associations between college women's alcohol and/or drug consumption and the risk of sexual assault, but few studies have measured the various means by which sexual assault is achieved. PARTICIPANTS: The authors' Campus Sexual Assault Study obtained self-report data from a random sample of undergraduate women (N = 5,446). METHODS: The authors collected data on sexual assault victimization by using a cross-sectional, Web-based survey, and they conducted analyses assessing the role of substance use.
Examines the effects of a uniquely intensive Campus Acquaintance Rape Education (CARE) program. Evaluation of rape prevention education; Link between rape versus sex education; Qualitative and quantitative assessment of outcomes of rape education program for students in the CARE class
This study assessed rape supportive attitudes of sorority and fraternity members and evaluated a date rape education program with comparison to a non-Greek group studied earlier. Greek students registered more desirable scores than non-Greeks on an attitudes measure, but the education program did not improve their scores. (Author)
Examined the meaning of rape and sexual abuse from the points of view of women and suggested how rape research, prevention, and intervention strategies might become more culturally appropriate for them. Focus group approach was used to explore concepts related to rape and sexual abuse among 17 Mexican immigrant women 22-55 yrs old living in rural Arizona. The women discussed definitions of various forms of unwanted sexual experiences, their personal knowledge of someone who had been raped or sexually abused, and their perceptions of the roots of sexual abuse.
Violence prevention, including rape and sexual assault prevention in the United States, has become a major concern for public health professionals. As a result, educational institutions have implemented rape prevention programs in an attempt to change rape-supportive attitudes and, thus, deter rapes. As an initial step in testing the relationship between rape-supportive attitudes and rape, this study examined 851 adolescent males who completed attitude and behavior surveys as part of a larger longitudinal study.
Justice processing for crimes against women is reviewed. The data reveal conviction rates for partner violence and rape by known acquaintances are miniscule; mandatory arrest, protection orders, and diversion programs inadequately deter rebattering; few losses are compensated; and the adversarial justice process is retraumatizing, exacerbating survivor self-blame. To better address crimes against women, several nations and tribal communities use communitarian approaches, forms of restorative justice. The offense is framed to include the perpetrator, victim, and community.
Discusses assessment options for health education interventions, given changes in the strategies being used. Conceptual and technical design issues and options are presented, and different approaches to evaluation are described, highlighting those that have been effective and critiquing the limitations of traditional evaluation approaches. Promising approaches and implications for future evaluations are examined, and recommendations are provided for evaluation designs, data collection methods, roles, responsibilities, and principles for evaluating interventions.
The current emphasis on best practices for school-based health and mental health programs brings with it the demand for evaluation efforts in schools. This article describes the challenges of launching a successful school program and evaluation, with lessons learned from three projects that focus on intimate partner violence.
To address the needs of Navy personnel (and dependents), the Navy implemented the Sexual Assault Victim Intervention (SAVI) program. The SAVI program has two components, namely, a presentation/training component and an advocacy component. The presentation/training component involves education designed to increase awareness and prevention of sexual victimization, delivered to all military and civilian personnel through presentations, and training of SAVI advocates.