Examines the prevalence of nonconsensual sexual experiences in dating situations among incoming female college students. Relationship of history of child abuse to nonconsensual sex; Need for education and prevention programs; Implications for counseling
The cost of treating intimate violence can be estimated by using data collected by hospital-based programs that identify and document such violence. This article examines previous methods applied to estimate hospital charges associated with violence as well as our own experience using data collected by a hospital-based violence prevention program in Chicago, Illinois. Five basic steps for estimating hospital charges associated with treating intimate violence are described.
BACKGROUND: This study identifies potentially modifiable risk factors for the onset of and chronic victimization from serious physical and sexual dating violence. METHODS: One thousand two hundred ninety-one 8th and 9th graders from a county in North Carolina were assessed annually for 5 and 4 years, respectively. RESULTS: For males, having been hit by an adult with the intention of harm, having low self-esteem, and having been in a physical fight with a peer predicted onset of serious physical dating violence victimization.
Assessed the effects of the Safe Dates program on the primary and secondary prevention of adolescent dating violence. 14 public schools in a predominantly rural county were randomly assigned to either a treatment or control condition. 1,886 Ss (aged 11-17 yrs) completed baseline questionnaires and 1,700 completed follow-up questionnaires. Ss in the treatment group were exposed to Safe Dates school and community activities: control Ss were exposed to community activities only. Treatment and control groups were comparable at baseline.
An earlier report described desirable 1-month follow-up effects of the Safe Dates program on psychological, physical, and sexual dating violence. Mediators of the program-behavior relationship also were identified.
To determine whether categorizing levels of violence along dimensions of frequency and severity would result in informative distinctions among individuals using dating violence, reported use of physical violence, along with variables theorized to be related to use of force in intimate relationships, was assessed in a sample of 617 college students (males = 290; females = 327). When participants' scores were analyzed by dichotomizing them along the lines of ever versus never using dating violence, numerous past findings were replicated.
Research summary: We provide results of a 1997 national-level study of stalking among college women. Over an approximately seven-month period, 13.1% of the women reported being stalked. Although physical harm was not common, the incidents typically lasted two months, involved frequent contact by offenders, and prompted victims to take protective actions. Lifestyle-routine activities, prior sexual victimization, and demographic characteristics affected the risk of victimization.
Tested an all-male sexual assault peer education program focusing on how to help a survivor. It was hypothesized that because of the program (1) rape myth acceptance would decrease, that this decrement would remain stable 2 mo after the program, and it would be significantly lower than a control group; and (2) that a majority of men would report that they were less likely to use force against a woman in a sexual encounter.