prevention

Motivational factors in nonincarcerated sexually aggressive men

Research on convicted rapists has demonstrated the importance of several key motivational factors in male sexual aggression. In particular, anger at women and the need to dominate or control them have been repeatedly implicated. Although anger and power have also been shown to be important in understanding college men who report sexually aggressive behavior, there has been little research on what underlies these motives.

Deficits in intimacy and empathy in sexually aggressive men

One explanation for male sexual aggression implicates certain adverse consequences of male gender socialization. It is argued that "masculinization," especially in its more extreme forms, leads to hostility toward, and a devaluation of, women, and to a reduction in the capacity for empathy and the need for intimacy with others. Together, these effects are thought to produce a predisposition for sexual aggression against women.

Reported incidence rates of work-related sexual harassment in the United States: Using meta-analysis to explain reported rate disparities

This study presents a meta-analyic review of the incidence of sexual harassment in the U.S. The impact of 3 main moderator variables (type of survey used, sampling technique, and the type of work environment in which the study was conducted) on the reported incidence rate was estimated by cumulating incidence rates reported in the literature. Results show that directly querying the respondents about whether or not they experienced sexual harassment (vs.

Can virtual reality increase the realism of role plays used to teach college women sexual coercion and rape-resistance skills?

The present study evaluated whether virtual reality (VR) can enhance the realism of role plays designed to help college women resist sexual attacks. Sixty-two female undergraduate students were randomly assigned to either the Role Play (RP) or Virtual Role Play (VRP) conditions, which were differentiated only by the use of VR technology in the VRP condition. A multimethod assessment strategy was used to evaluate the effects of VR on the experienced realism of sexually threatening role plays.

Calling it rape: Differences in experience of women who do or do not label their sexual assault rape

Past research had found that one-half or more of all women who have had an experience that might meet the definition of rape do not label themselves as rape victims. The present study examined the actual rape experience of 233 women who labeled their assault as rape and 56 women who did not label their assault experience as rape through questionnaires and open-ended descriptions of what happened during their assault.

Exploring Negative Dating Experiences and Beliefs About Rape Among Younger and Older Women

Although there is extensive research describing negative dating experiences and rape myth beliefs among university- and college-age women, there is little exploration of these issues among older dating women. An exploratory study that extends existing research by investigating rape myth beliefs and negative dating experiences of women ranging in age from 18 to 85 years is described.

Sexual Revictimization During Women's First Year of College: Self-Blame and Sexual Refusal Assertiveness as Possible Mechanisms

Although sexual victimization during adolescence increases risk for later revictimization, mechanisms for increased risk among new college students have not been identified. Female undergraduates (N = 87) were assessed at the start and end of their first academic year. Those who reported initial sexual victimization at Time 1 were more likely than other women to report later college victimization at Time 2. Path analyses showed that self-blame and decreased sexual refusal assertiveness (SRA) explained this effect.

Violence: recognition, management and prevention. Why women don't report sexual assault to the police: The influence of psychosocial variables and traumatic injury

The purpose of this study was to identify the variables that acutely influence reporting practices in female sexual assault victims presenting to an urban clinic or Emergency Department. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of consecutive female victims during an 18-month study period. Patient demographics, assault characteristics, and injury patterns were recorded in all eligible patients using a standardized classification system.

Rape-Accepting Attitudes: Precursors to or Consequences of Forced Sex

Violence prevention, including rape and sexual assault prevention in the United States, has become a major concern for public health professionals. As a result, educational institutions have implemented rape prevention programs in an attempt to change rape-supportive attitudes and, thus, deter rapes. As an initial step in testing the relationship between rape-supportive attitudes and rape, this study examined 851 adolescent males who completed attitude and behavior surveys as part of a larger longitudinal study.

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