This study prospectively evaluated perpetrator risk factors for sexual assault perpetration, including peer influences, beliefs and attitudes about sexuality, alcohol use, and token resistance. Perpetration of sexual assault was evaluated at three time periods: pretest, 3-month follow-up, and 7-month follow-up. Retrospective and prospective analyses yielded differential predictors of sexually aggressive behavior. However, perpetration of sexual assault at any particular assessment period was a predictor of perpetration during the subsequent follow-up period.
Focuses on prevalent beliefs and attitudes about rape. Definition of rape myths; Critique on the literature on rape myth acceptance; Functions of rape myths; Variables related to rape myth acceptance; Recommendation for conceptual clarity and definitional consistency among researches dealing with rape myths; Need for psychometric adequacy of the measures for rape myth
Examines the effects of a uniquely intensive Campus Acquaintance Rape Education (CARE) program. Evaluation of rape prevention education; Link between rape versus sex education; Qualitative and quantitative assessment of outcomes of rape education program for students in the CARE class
Investigates how parental and peer sexual socialization influences are related to gender, ethnicity, religious background and college membership in a fraternity or sorority. Questionnaires for university students both as freshmen and as seniors; Indicators for both permissive and restrictive sexual socialization
While developmental perspectives on sexual violence have gained much interest in recent years, few empirical studies have been conducted to better understand its origins. This study attempts to fill this gap by examining the onset of physical aggression and normative sexual behaviors in preschoolers. This study is based on a sample of at-risk children (n = 100) recruited as part of the KD-BEAR project, an on-going longitudinal study conducted in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Semi-structured interviews were completed with the primary caregiver and the child.
Pooling data from four samples in which 1,882 men were assessed for acts of interpersonal violence, we report on 120 men whose self-reported acts met legal definitions of rape or attempted rape, but who were never prosecuted by criminal justice authorities. A majority of these undetected rapists were repeat rapists, and a majority also committed other acts of interpersonal violence. The repeat rapists averaged 5.8 rapes each. The 120 rapists were responsible for 1,225 separate acts of interpersonal violence, including rape, battery, and child physical and sexual abuse.
In a survey of 1,439 female college students, 24% reported that they had what they considered consensual sexual intercourse between the ages 13 and 15 (2% at age 13, 7% at age 14, and 15% at age 15). Contrary to the impression left by studies of teenage mothers, the majority of their male sexual partners were not substantially older than them but instead were more typically "somewhat older" (2-4 years apart) or similar aged (less than 2 years apart).
This study assessed rape supportive attitudes of sorority and fraternity members and evaluated a date rape education program with comparison to a non-Greek group studied earlier. Greek students registered more desirable scores than non-Greeks on an attitudes measure, but the education program did not improve their scores. (Author)
Depictions of sexual violence in the media can promote antisocial attitudes and behavior. Three approaches to the problem of sexual violence in the media are explored: (a) legal restrictions, (b) informational labeling, and (c) formal education. It is premature to advocate legal restrictions since existing research leaves too many questions unanswered.
Examined the meaning of rape and sexual abuse from the points of view of women and suggested how rape research, prevention, and intervention strategies might become more culturally appropriate for them. Focus group approach was used to explore concepts related to rape and sexual abuse among 17 Mexican immigrant women 22-55 yrs old living in rural Arizona. The women discussed definitions of various forms of unwanted sexual experiences, their personal knowledge of someone who had been raped or sexually abused, and their perceptions of the roots of sexual abuse.