prevention

Effects of a sexual assault peer education program on men's belief in rape myths

Tested an all-male sexual assault peer education program focusing on how to help a survivor. It was hypothesized that because of the program (1) rape myth acceptance would decrease, that this decrement would remain stable 2 mo after the program, and it would be significantly lower than a control group; and (2) that a majority of men would report that they were less likely to use force against a woman in a sexual encounter.

An all-male rape prevention peer education program: Decreasing fraternity men's behavioral intent to rape

Participants were college fraternity men (N=155) who were in either a pretested and posttested rape-prevention program, a posttested rape-prevention program, or an untreated control group. Significant declines in rape myth acceptance and behavioral intent to rape were shown among program participants regardless of whether they were pretested. (Author/MKA)

Adolescent dating violence: Differences between one-sided and mutually violent profiles

Individuals reporting violence within a dating relationship may fit into one of three profiles: (a) victim only--the individual sustains violence but does not initiate violence in the dating relationship; (b) perpetrator only--the individual initiates violence but does not sustain violence in the dating relationship; or (c) mutually violent--the individual both sustains violence and initiates violence within the dating relationship. Very little is known about how individuals within these three dating violence profiles may differ. The present study

The effectiveness of personalizing acquaintance rape prevention: Programs on perception of vulnerability and on reducing risk-taking behavior

Tested hypothesis that a personalized acquaintance rape prevention program reduces risk-taking behavior and increases perception of vulnerability. Seventy female college students were exposed to Acquaintance Rape Prevention Program with experimentals and controls receiving personalized or nonpersonalized instruction, respectively. Findings showed personalizing the acquaintance rape prevention program increased intent to avoid risk-taking behaviors for all women. (Author/PVV)

Evaluation of a coeducational interactive rape prevention program

Illustrates one way in which counselors can contribute to rape victim services on campus besides providing direct remedial services. Presentation of the program to members of sororities and fraternities; Endorsement of fewer rape-supportive attitudes by participants; Recommendations for counselors interested in developing and evaluating similar programs

Correlates of levels and patterns of positive life changes following sexual assault

This study builds on previous work suggesting that many survivors report positive life changes soon after a sexual assault and that those who retain those changes over time report the least distress 1 year post-assault (P. Frazier, A. Conlon, T. Glaser, 2001). The purposes of this study were to assess correlates of early reports of positive life changes and individual trajectories of self-reported positive changes over time among female sexual assault survivors (n = 171) using hierarchical linear modeling.

Acquaintance rape: The influence of alcohol, fraternity membership, and sports team membership

Determined the extent of sexual victimization among undergraduate women at a large Midwestern university with specific attention to alcohol use, fraternity membership, and sports team membership. Data were collected via a mail survey from a randomly selected sample of 925 undergraduate women (aged 17-36 yrs). In addition to several dichotomous questions, Ss were asked to describe the most sexually stressful event they had experienced since enrolling at the university.

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