prevention

Longitudinal predictors of serious physical and sexual dating violence victimization during adolescence

BACKGROUND: This study identifies potentially modifiable risk factors for the onset of and chronic victimization from serious physical and sexual dating violence. METHODS: One thousand two hundred ninety-one 8th and 9th graders from a county in North Carolina were assessed annually for 5 and 4 years, respectively. RESULTS: For males, having been hit by an adult with the intention of harm, having low self-esteem, and having been in a physical fight with a peer predicted onset of serious physical dating violence victimization.

An evaluation of safe dates, an adolescent dating violence prevention program

Assessed the effects of the Safe Dates program on the primary and secondary prevention of adolescent dating violence. 14 public schools in a predominantly rural county were randomly assigned to either a treatment or control condition. 1,886 Ss (aged 11-17 yrs) completed baseline questionnaires and 1,700 completed follow-up questionnaires. Ss in the treatment group were exposed to Safe Dates school and community activities: control Ss were exposed to community activities only. Treatment and control groups were comparable at baseline.

Feminist Rape Education: Does It Work?

The purpose of this research report is twofold: First, we analyze a complex of attitudes about rape myths, adversarial sexual beliefs, and gender-role conservatism; and second, we evaluate the impact of rape-education intervention strategies on American College student's attitudes. Using the Solomon four-group design, we randomly assigned 14 classes of Sociology 101 students (total N = 582) to three different treatment conditions: a live rape-education workshop, a video of the workshop, and a control group.

A comparison of exposure therapy, stress inoculation training, and their combination for reducing posttraumatic stress disorder in female assault victims

Ninety-six female assault victims with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were randomly assigned to 4 treatment conditions: prolonged exposure (PE), stress inoculation training (SIT), combined treatment (PE-SIT), or wait-list control (WL). Treatment consisted of 9 twice-weekly, individual sessions. Independent evaluations were conducted at pretreatment; posttreatment; and 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups.

Being pursued: Stalking victimization in a national study of college women

Research summary: We provide results of a 1997 national-level study of stalking among college women. Over an approximately seven-month period, 13.1% of the women reported being stalked. Although physical harm was not common, the incidents typically lasted two months, involved frequent contact by offenders, and prompted victims to take protective actions. Lifestyle-routine activities, prior sexual victimization, and demographic characteristics affected the risk of victimization.

The Discovery of Acquaintance Rape: The Salience of Methodological Innovation and Rigor

Over the past 20 years, research has uncovered the many types of sexual victimizations women experience. Findings regarding the victim-offender relationship in such incidents have undoubtedly been among the most striking. Particularly salient is the revelation that the sexual abuse of and violence against women

Crime in the ivory tower: The level and sources of student victimization

Contrary to the image of college campuses as "ivory towers," the victimization of college students recently has been portrayed as a serious problem deserving policy intervention. Based on interviews designed after the National Crime Victimization Survey, which were conducted wtih 3,472 randomly selected students across 12 institutions, we examined both the level and sources of students' victimization. More than one-third of the sample reported being victims during the 1993-94 academic year.

Reporting sexual victimization to the police and others: Results from a national-level study of college women

Beginning with M. P. Koss, C. A. Gidycz, and N. Wisniewski's pathbreaking study, the sexual victimization of female college students has emerged as salient research and policy concern. Building on this earlier work, we used a national, random sample of 4,446 female college students to focus on an issue of continuing importance: the level and determinants of victims' willingness to report their sexual victimization.

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