prevention

Examining the Characteristics of Male Sexual Assault Targets in a Southern Maximum-Security Prison

Studies concerning inmate-on-inmate sexual assaults within male correctional facilities are sparse in the sociological and correctional literatures. Only a few studies have specifically examined the characteristics of male inmate sexual assault targets. The current research sought to address this gap by providing an examination of factors related to victimization likelihood. Using data gathered in March 2000 from 142 inmates (18% return rate) in one Southern maximum-security prison, the authors examined demographic and behavioral characteristics of male inmate sexual targets. Based on inmates

Setting a violence prevention agenda at the centers for disease control and prevention

Historically, public health has affected quality of life through the application of scientific methods to solve health problems and broad implementation of the answers to those problems. The public health approach is multidisciplinary and scientific, and is explicitly directed toward identifying effective approaches to prevention. This article provides an overview of the public health approach in the areas of violence prevention.

Violence and commitment: A study of dating couples

Dating couples (college students) were given the Conflict Tactics Scale and measures of emotional commitment. Members of a couple were tested at the same time with no opportunity to compare responses during the session. For violence and verbal aggression, participants reported on acts inflicted and received. For commitment, they indicated their own level of commitment and rated the commitment of their partners.

Where should we intervene?: Dynamic predictors of sexual assault recidivism

Reports on information concerning dynamic (changeable) risk factors that were collected through interviews with community supervision officers and file reviews of 208 sexual offense recidivists and 201 nonrecidivists. The recidivists were generally considered to have poor social supports, attitudes tolerant of sexual assault, antisocial lifestyles, poor self-management strategies, and difficulties cooperating with supervision. The overall mood of the recidivists and nonrecidivists was similar, but the recidivists showed increased anger and subjective distress just before reoffending.

Correlates of adolescent reports of sexual assault: Findings from the National Survey of Adolescents

This study examines how key demographic variables and specific child sexual assault (CSA) incident characteristics were related to whether adolescents reported that they had told anyone about an alleged sexual assault. The study also investigates whether there were differences in the correlates of CSA disclosure as a function of gender and race/ethnicity. A national household probability sample of 4,023 adolescents was interviewed by telephone about childhood experiences, including CSA history.

The differential effects of rape prevention programming on attitudes, behavior, and knowledge

This investigation evaluated whether type of programming differentially affects elaboration likelihood model central route processing of rape prevention messages, attitudes, knowledge, behaviors, and stability of change. The 258 participants were assigned to a didactic-video program, an interactive drama, or control.

Examining immediate and long-term efficacy of rape prevention programming with racially diverse college men

Investigates the short- and long-term effectiveness of a theoretically driven, programmatic rape prevention intervention on a sample of primarily White and Black college men. Importance of longer term interventions; Relevance of the culturally specific intervention to racial and ethnic minorities; Decrease in rape supportive attitudes

Sexual abuse, family violence, and female delinquency: Findings from a longitudinal study

The current study examines the effects of three forms of childhood victimization on self-reported delinquency and aggression in adolescent girls. These analyses are based on a longitduinal sample of 141 mother-daughter pairs participating in a study about marital violence and child development. When the children were school aged, mothers and children provided reports describing (a) child exposure to marital violence, (b) escalated physicl abuse against the child, and (c) child sexual abuse. Children were followed up into adolescence and re-interviewed.

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