Vicarious traumatization: A framework for understanding the psychological effects of working with victims

Presents a new constructivist self-development theory for understanding therapists' reactions to clients' traumatic material. This theory is contrasted with previous conceptualizations such as burnout and countertransference. The phenomenon termed "vicarious traumatization" can be understood as related both to the graphic and painful material that trauma clients often present and to the therapist's unique cognitive schemata or beliefs, expectations, and assumptions about self and others.

Social and environmental contexts of adolescent and young adult male perpetrators of intimate partner violence: A qualitative study

The purpose of the current study was to examine qualitatively the life contexts of young males enrolled in programs addressing perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV). Semistructured interviews were conducted with 19 males recruited from these programs. Interviews were coded to examine life contexts and analyzed using a content analysis approach.

Rape prevention with high-risk males: Short-term outcome of two interventions

Evaluates two model-based interventions designed to reduce the amount of date rape attempted by male college students. Rape supportive cognition; Victim empathy and outcome expectancies; Mean standard deviations and change scores for each of the dependent measures; Use of the Attraction to Sexual Aggression Scale and the Acceptance of Interpersonal Violence Scale

Victims of dating violence among high school students: Are the predictors different for males and females?

Investigates males' and females' experiences of violence within dating relationships and different patterns in the predictors of victimization for males and females. Domains of the predictors of victimization; Lack of gender differences in the amount of interpersonal control exhibited by males and females in dating relationships; Gender differences in the victims' reactions to the violence

Middle school aggression and subsequent intimate partner physical violence

Abstract This study examined the relationship between middle-school aggressive behaviors and young adults' experiences as victims and perpetrators of intimate partner physical violence. As part of the Reach for Health longitudinal study, surveys were conducted with 977 8th graders who were resurveyed as young adults, when lifetime partner violence was assessed. In this economically disadvantaged sample, the prevalence of middle-school and subsequent partner violence are high among both males and females.

Psychopathology and sexual aggression in nonincarcerated men

47 men who self-reported rape or attempted rape were compared to 56 sexually active men who denied perpetrating sexual aggression on psychopathology. The Ss were surveyed using the Sexual Experiences Survey (M. Koss and C. Gidycz, 1985), and completed structured clinical interviews. Sexually aggressive men reported a pattern of symptoms indicating impulse control problems; they had more conduct-disordered behavior in childhood, and abused alcohol and illicit drugs more than nonviolent men.

Does alcohol contribute to the confluence model of sexual assault perpetration?

The confluence model of sexual assault provides a useful theoretical integration of factors that influence men's likelihood of committing sexual assault (Malamuth, Sockloskie, Koss, Tanaka, 1991). This study replicates and extends the confluence model by including alcohol at multiple levels. Participants' usual alcohol consumption and alcohol consumption in sexual situations were included as predictor variables.


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