perpetration

The Internet and Family and Acquaintance Sexual Abuse

This article explores the dynamics of cases involving family and acquaintance sexual offenders who used the Internet to commit sex crimes against minors. Although the stereotype of Internet crimes involves unknown adults meeting juvenile victims online, Internet use can also play a role in sexual crimes against minors by family members and acquaintances. Data were collected from a national sample of law enforcement agencies about arrests for Internet-related sex crimes against minors.

The impact of race on the adjudication of sexual assault and other violent crimes

This study assessed whether sexual assault offenders were differently adjudicated from other violent felons and to what extent any differences in adjudication decisions were explained by the defendant's race. Five court decisions were analyzed using a weighted sample of 41,151 cases adjudicated between 1990 and 1996 that were representative of cases in the seventy-five most populous United States countries.

The nature and predictors of sexual victimization and offending among adolescents

This study describes the risk factors associated with experiencing and committing sexual aggression among a sample of male and female adolescents. High school students completed a questionnaire containing a revised form of the Sexual Experiences Survey to assess sexual victimization and offending experiences. Ordinal regression equations were estimated separately for male and female students, regressing background characteristics, dating behaviors, and attitudinal scales on sexual victimization (for females) or offending (for males).

Cognitive-behavioral treatment for rapists: Can we do better?

A review of treatment studies with rapists suggests that the currently used cognitive-behavioral treatment strategies remain limited in their success. This article proposes that some reasons for the limited success may be that current treatment approaches do not adequately address the heterogeneity of the population, emphasize changing patterns of physiological arousal and cognitive distortions rather than psychological acceptance, and neglect to address differences in the function of sexually aggressive behavior among individuals.

Using the confluence model of sexual aggression to predict men's conflict with women: A 10-year follow-up study

We tested a model describing the characteristics of sexually aggressive men that may also be useful for understanding the causes of other antisocial acts against women. This model hypothesizes that sexual aggressors can be identified by two sets of characteristics, labeled hostile masculinity and impersonal sex. To test this model, we followed up a sample of men 10 years after first studying them when they were young adults. We sought to predict which men would be in distressed relationships with women, be aggressive sexually, be nonsexually aggressive, or some combination of these.

Prevalence of premilitary adult sexual victimization and aggression in a Navy recruit sample

1,832 female (aged 17-34 yrs) and 1,754 male (aged 17-34 yrs) U.S. Navy recruits were surveyed for premilitary histories of adult sexual assault. Ss completed a survey designed to estimate rates for experiences as victims (females) and perpetrators (males) of attempted and completed rape since the age of 14 yrs. Results show that 45.5% of the females reported being the victim of attempted (9.4%) or completed rape (36.1%) before entering the Navy. Male recruits' self-reports indicated that 14.8% admitted perpetrating attempted (3.5%) or completed rape (11.3%) before entering the Navy.

Reports of Rape Reperpetration by Newly Enlisted Male Navy Personnel

This study examined the frequency and characteristics of repeated attempted and completed rape (ACR) incidents reported by newly enlisted male navy personnel (N = 1,146) who participated in a longitudinal study during the transition from civilian to military life. Overall, 13% (n = 144) reported engaging in sexual behavior that approximates legal definitions of ACR since the age of 14. Among those men, most (71%) reperpetrated ACR incidents (M = 6.36, SD = 9.55). Demographic variables were unrelated to perpetration history.

Rape education videos: Presenting mean women instead of dangerous men

This paper examines two ways to use visual images while teaching about sexual violence. We first present and critique the conventional approach, which employs images of men doing violence to women. We then discuss our approach, which employs images of women confronting and violently attacking men. We discuss our success in using these images in our rape prevention lectures over the past three years. Our analysis of students' reactions to the presentations reveals that showing images of aggressive women radically destablizes men's sense of physical power over women.

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