Characteristics of men who aggress sexually and of men who imagine aggressing: Risk and moderating variables

The authors showed that the extent to which men's personalities were self-centered rather than sensitive to others' needs moderated the connection between risk-factors and sexually aggressive behavior. Men who were at risk for committing aggression but who were also sensitive to others' feelings aggressed less than the corresponding group, who had relatively self-centered personalities. However, both groups showed high levels of imagined sexual aggression.

Attitudes toward prostitution and acceptance of rape myths

Rape myths and prostitution myths are a component of culturally supported attitudes that normalize violence against women. Prostitution myths justify the existence of prostitution, promote misinformation about prostitution, and contribute to a social climate that exploits and harms not only prostituted women, but all women. This study investigated the relationship between prostitution myth acceptance and rape myth acceptance in a sample of university undergraduates.

Male victims of rape and sexual abuse

Introduces literature on the sexual assault of adult males. Various myths concerning the survivors, perpetrators, and plausibility of such assaults are challenged. Assault prevalence data from a community sample of 1,480 males is presented, along with data from a study of coercion in gay relationships. Problems reported after sexual assault by males are discussed, including confusion about sexual orientation, sexual problems, posttraumatic stress disorder, problems forming close relationships, mistrust of adult men, suicide, and various mood disorders.

The role of profeminist men in dealing with woman abuse on the Canadian college campus

Stopping woman abuse on the North American college campus has not been very successful thus far. There is a major backlash, where students, faculty, and administrators too often either feel that the problem is not very significant or support the patriarchal rights of men. Programs begun by many campuses have not worked very well, partially because they depend on women to police the actions of men and partially because so few men come under formal social control that most offenders know that they can get away with their actions.

Sexual coercion and the misperception of sexual intent

Misperceiving a woman's platonic interest as sexual interest has been implicated in a sexual bargaining process that leads to sexual coercion. This paper provides a comprehensive review of sexual misperception, including gender differences in perception of women's sexual intent, the relationship between sexual coercion and misperception, and situational factors that increase the risk that sexual misperception will occur. Compared to women, men consistently perceive a greater degree of sexual intent in women's behavior.

Personal and organizational predictors of workplace sexual harassment of women by men

The authors investigated the predictors of workplace sexual harassment in 278 male university faculty and staff (M age = 45 years). Workplace variables (perceptions of organizational sanctions against harassment and perceptions of a sexualized workplace) and personal variables (adversarial sexual beliefs, sexual harassment beliefs, perspective taking, and self-esteem) were studied as predictors of sexualized and gender harassment. Social desirability was controlled. Both organizational variables and beliefs about sexual harassment predicted gender harassment and sexualized harassment.

The role of sexual victimization in women's perspections of others' sexual interest

This study investigated the relationship between women's sexual victimization experiences and their perceptions of sexual interest for an actor's mundane, romantic, and sexual behaviors. Three hundred twenty-nine undergraduate women divided into four mutually exclusive categories: women sexually victimized through verbal coercion, through intoxication, through force or threat of force, and women who reported only consensual sexual experiences. The women rated the sexual connotativeness of a list of dating behaviors, rating either a male or a female actor.

Sexual strategies theory: An evolutionary perspective on human mating

This article proposes a contextual-evolutionary theory of human mating strategies. Both men and women are hypothesized to have evolved distinct psychological mechanisms that underlie short-term and long-term strategies. Men and women confront different adaptive problems in short-term as opposed to long-term mating contexts. Consequently, different mate preferences become activated from their strategic repertoires. Nine key hypotheses and 22 predictions from Sexual Strategies Theory are outlined and tested empirically.

Understanding sexual aggression against women: An examination of the role of men's athletic participation and related variables

Data from 139 college men who participated in and viewed contact (e.g., ice hockey) and noncontact (e.g., tennis) sports at different rates of frequency were examined to determine if there was a relationship between these variables and level of sexual aggression against women. The authors also examined whether attitudes toward women, fraternity membership, and viewing contact sports were significant predictors of sexual aggression against women, with high scores on these variables forecasting higher levels of sexual aggression against women.


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