Dating aggression, sexual coercion, and aggression-supporting attitudes among college men as a function of participation in aggressive high school sports

Aggressive male sports have been criticized as bastions of sexism and training grounds for aggression against women, but there have been few empirical demonstrations of these alleged relationships. The authors studied self-reported dating aggression and sexual coercion in 147 college men.

Feminist Rape Education: Does It Work?

The purpose of this research report is twofold: First, we analyze a complex of attitudes about rape myths, adversarial sexual beliefs, and gender-role conservatism; and second, we evaluate the impact of rape-education intervention strategies on American College student's attitudes. Using the Solomon four-group design, we randomly assigned 14 classes of Sociology 101 students (total N = 582) to three different treatment conditions: a live rape-education workshop, a video of the workshop, and a control group.

Effects of a sexual assault peer education program on men's belief in rape myths

Tested an all-male sexual assault peer education program focusing on how to help a survivor. It was hypothesized that because of the program (1) rape myth acceptance would decrease, that this decrement would remain stable 2 mo after the program, and it would be significantly lower than a control group; and (2) that a majority of men would report that they were less likely to use force against a woman in a sexual encounter.

An all-male rape prevention peer education program: Decreasing fraternity men's behavioral intent to rape

Participants were college fraternity men (N=155) who were in either a pretested and posttested rape-prevention program, a posttested rape-prevention program, or an untreated control group. Significant declines in rape myth acceptance and behavioral intent to rape were shown among program participants regardless of whether they were pretested. (Author/MKA)

The prediction of sexual aggression by alcohol use, athletic participation and fraternity affiliation

Alcohol, athletics, and fraternities have been targeted in the popular media as primary causes of sexual aggression on campus. Except in the case of alcohol, the empirical data supporting these associations is weak. The present study assessed the joint contribution of these three variables to the prediction of sexual aggression among a sample of 530 undergraduate men including 140 athletes representing all varsity sports.

A test of the mate deprivation hypothesis of sexual coercion

According to the mate deprivation hypothesis of sexual coercion, males are more likely to use sexually coercive tactics if they are disadvantaged in gaining access to desirable mates. This hypothesis was tested in a sample of 156 young, heterosexual, mostly single men enrolled in a Canadian university. Differential access to mates was indexed by self-perceived mating success, self-reported sexual history, and relative earning potential. Sexual coercion was assessed using the M. P. Koss and C. J. Oros (1982) sexual experiences survey.

The longitudinal effects of a rape-prevention program on fraternity men's attitudes, behavioral intent, and behavior.

Rape myth acceptance, likelihood of raping, and sexually coercive behavior of 145 fraternity men randomly assigned to a control group or a rape-prevention program were surveyed. One third of 23 fraternities on a mid-Atlantic public university campus volunteered to participate in the study.

Stepping on toes: Social roots of date rape lead to intractability and politicization

Argues, using both qualitative and quantitative findings, that abundant rape-supportive environments encourage sexually aggressive men to act on their impulses and discourage women from reporting experiences in which they feel they were victimized. To support this perspective, the authors examine the ease with which coercive beliefs and aggressive behaviors fit within our cultural understanding of sexuality, and discuss the social context in which the potentially sexually aggressive man lives, considering the mediating role played by peer-group support.


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