Summary: The purpose of the study was to gather data on attitudes and beliefs of college-aged men to inform a web-based sexual violence prevention program. A sample of 48 undergraduate male students from a large, public southeastern university participated in 8 focus groups. Topics discussed included how participants obtain consent for sex, their ideas on the relationship between alcohol and sex, how comfortable participants felt in intervening as bystanders, and techniques for bystander interventions, as identified by the men.
Methodological analyses of sexual victimization research are still rare, despite the explosion of interest in this topic and widely varying rates across studies. In-depth analysis of the meaning of differences in rates is especially lacking. A series of five ethnically and geographically diverse focus groups were held to explore how wording in sexual victimization surveys affects the reporting of various types of negative sexual experiences.
This investigation evaluated whether type of programming differentially affects elaboration likelihood model central route processing of rape prevention messages, attitudes, knowledge, behaviors, and stability of change. The 258 participants were assigned to a didactic-video program, an interactive drama, or control.
Investigates the short- and long-term effectiveness of a theoretically driven, programmatic rape prevention intervention on a sample of primarily White and Black college men. Importance of longer term interventions; Relevance of the culturally specific intervention to racial and ethnic minorities; Decrease in rape supportive attitudes
This paper describes the evaluation of a mixed-gender workshop given to all freshman athletes from a large eastern university. A randomized post-test only experimental design was used to compare the date rape attitudes of freshman athletes who were exposed to a mixed-gender date rape workshop (n=56) with those of athletes who were not exposed (n=85). A previously validated instrument, the 25 item Date Rape Attitudes Survey (DRAS) was used as the criterion measure.
Describes a mixed-gender workshop on date rape prevention given to more than 1,400 undergraduate students in more than 80 presentations. To guide modifications of the workshop, formative evaluation data were collected from 330 male and 314 female university students. Results were largely positive. Despite the sensitive nature of the topic, only 10.2% of the men and 8.2% of the women reported being uncomfortable discussing date rape in mixed-gender groups. Furthermore, students were virtually unanimous in their agreement that date rape is a topic worthy of a workshop.
A randomized, posttest-only experimental design was used to compare the date-rape attitudes of university students who were exposed to a mixed-gender date-rape workshop (n = 163) with those of students who were not exposed (n = 168). A previously validated instrument, the 25-item Date Rape Attitudes Survey (DRAS), was used as the criterion measure.
Women's experiences with sexual harassment were analyzed with three types of variables: occupational and workplace sex ratios, organizational policies and procedures for dealing with sexual harassment problems, and women's cultural status (age and marital status). Regression analyses revealed that extent of contact with men was a key predictor of incidence of harassment, number of different types of harrassment, sexual comments, sexual categorical remarks, and sexual materials. Gender predominance was a significant predictor of physical threats and sexual materials.
Feminist self-defense classes teach skills for preventing and responding to violence. However, self-defense training has many other positive effects on women's lives--effects that themselves may reduce women's risk of assault. In this article the author offers evidence of these effects drawn from a longitudinal study of self-defense training.
Several explanations have been forwarded to account for sexual coercion in romantic relationships. Feminist theory states that sexual coercion is the result of male dominance over women and the need to maintain that dominance; however, studies showing that women sexually coerce men point towards weaknesses in that theory. Some researchers have, therefore, suggested that it is the extent to which people view the other gender as hostile that influences these rates.