health

Prevalence and correlates of emotional, physical, sexual, and financial abuse and potential neglect in the United States: the National Elder Mistreatment Study

OBJECTIVES: We estimated prevalence and assessed correlates of emotional, physical, sexual, and financial mistreatment and potential neglect (defined as an identified need for assistance that no one was actively addressing) of adults aged 60 years or older in a randomly selected national sample. METHODS: We compiled a representative sample by random digit dialing across geographic strata. We used computer-assisted telephone interviewing to standardize collection of demographic, risk factor, and mistreatment data.

Measuring the quality of medical care for women who experience sexual assault with data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey

Study Objective: We provide new descriptive epidemiology on the demography and quality of care of women who experience sexual assault. Two limited aspects of emergency department treatment received by women who have experienced sexual assault are examined: (1) administration of emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy and (2) screening and treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

Like a family but better because you can actually trust each other: the Expect Respect dating violence prevention program for at-risk youth

Expect Respect, a teen dating violence prevention program, was among four programs selected by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to participate in an empowerment evaluation project. As one aspect of this project, a qualitative study was designed to investigate the effects of Expect Respect support groups for at-risk youth. The goal was to understand the "how and why" of the program's impact on participants. Group interviews were conducted with five boys' and five girls' support groups after completion of the program.

Efficacy of a dating violence prevention program on attitudes justifying aggression

Objectives: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate a five-session dating violence prevention curriculum in terms of its effect on attitudes justifying the use of dating violence. Methods: The curriculum was implemented in all health classes in a Long Island, New York, school. A total of 193 students participated (boys, n = 106; girls, n = 87). A quasi=experimental design was used to evaluate change in attitudes justifying dating violence, with health classes randomly assigned to the treatment or no-treatment conditions.

Formal and informal help-seeking associated with women's and men's experiences of intimate partner violence in Canada

While numerous studies have documented the prevalence, correlates, and consequences of intimate partner violence (IPV); most of this research has used a criminal justice framework that has focused on acts of physical violence. However, critics argue that this narrow conceptualization of IPV belies the heterogeneity in this experience with respect to the nature of coercive control in the relationship.

The prevalence of physical and sexual abuse in women veterans seeking care at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Physical and sexual abuse are increasingly recognized as common harmful experiences for women. We surveyed 828 women veterans seeking care at the Baltimore Veterans Affairs Medical Center to determine the prevalence of physical and sexual abuse experiences, both during and outside of military service. Data were collected through an anonymous, mailed questionnaire, with a response rate of 52%. Sixty-eight percent of respondents reported at least one form of abuse, and 27% reported all three. Sexual abuse was most common (55%), followed by physical abuse (48%), and rape (41%).

Participation in prevention programs for dating violence. Beliefs about relationship violence and intention to participate

This study utilizes the Health Belief Model (HBM) to examine the factors related to the intention to participate in prevention programming for dating violence. Perceptions of susceptibility to future violence and the benefits of prevention programming appear to be the strongest predictors of participation in prevention programs. Perceptions of the severity of dating violence do not appear to be related to intentions to participate.

Current Empirical Research on Evaluation Utilization

This paper reviews empirical research conducted during the past 15 years on the use of evaluation results. Sixty-five studies in education, mental health, and social services are described in terms of their methodological characteristics, their orientation toward dependent and independent variables, and the relationships between such variables. A conceptual framework is developed that lists 12 factors that influence use; six of these factors are associated with characteristics of evaluation implementation and six with characteristics of decision or policy setting.

General practice utilization after sexual victimization: a case control study

There is a growing research literature that indicates that sexual victimization results in increased physical health problems and health service utilization. This study aimed to examine the relationship between attendance at a center for rape victims and frequency of contact with general practitioners. The study used matched case-control design, and information about general practitioner use over a 7-year period was drawn from the Danish Civil Registration System. There was a sustained increase in health care use for those who had used the center for rape victims compared to the control group

Assessment of the relationship of demographic and social factors with intimate partner violence (IPV) among Latinas in Indianapolis

Indianapolis has a rapidly growing Latino community. Through our educational outreach activities in this community during the last several years, we have identified intimate partner violence (IPV) as a significant issue, as it is in all groups in the United States. Thus, we examined the prevalence of and demographic factors and behaviors associated with IPV. Methods: We conducted an exploratory, cross-sectional study of 100 Latinas attending community health centers, educational presentations, and health fairs.

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