harassment

The Impact of Male Work Environments and Organizational Policies on Women's Experiences of Sexual Harassment

Women's experiences with sexual harassment were analyzed with three types of variables: occupational and workplace sex ratios, organizational policies and procedures for dealing with sexual harassment problems, and women's cultural status (age and marital status). Regression analyses revealed that extent of contact with men was a key predictor of incidence of harassment, number of different types of harrassment, sexual comments, sexual categorical remarks, and sexual materials. Gender predominance was a significant predictor of physical threats and sexual materials.

Sexual harassment: Factors affecting attitudes and perceptions

The current study investigated the effects of gender, gender role, gender role stereotypes, age, occupation, and experience of sexual harassment on both attitudes to and perceptions of sexual harassment. The effects of these variables were also investigated in relation to experience of sexual harassment. Five questionnaires were administered to a sample of 48 high school students, 73 university students, and 75 workers (123 females, 73 males). The majority of respondents were of Anglo-Saxon descent.

The mixed company they keep: Potentially offensive sexual behaviors among adolescents

This study investigated the incidence and tolerance of potentially offensive sexual behaviors in relation to the gender composition of adolescents' friendship networks. High-school students (Grades 8 and 11) self-reported on the Sexual Experiences Questionnaire--High School and on the Social Network Form. Adolescents whose friendship network included a relatively greater proportion of other-sex friends tended to be those who experienced some form of potentially offensive sexual behaviors.

Sexual Coercion Among Adolescents: Victims and Perpetrators

Adolescence is a transitional period when the pressure to engage in romantic and sexual relationships can leave teenagers feeling confused and at risk for sexual coercion. Our studies investigated characteristics of male and female perpetrators and victims of peer sexual coercion, focusing on self-esteem, sexist attitudes, and involvement in nonsexual deviant behaviors, such as drugs and alcohol. The participants, all of whom were in Grades 8 to 11, were from Quebec, Canada. They completed self-report measures.

Sexual harassment mythology: Definition, conceptualization, and measurement

Using rape myth research as a template, we developed a conceptual definition and measurement instrument for the mythology regarding male sexual harassment of women, resulting in the 20-item Illinois Sexual Harassment Myth Acceptance (ISHMA) Scale. Surveys from 337 students in the Midwestern region of the United States revealed that this measure consists of four factors, which share predicted relationships with rape mythology, sexism, hostility toward women, traditional attitudes toward women, and ideological support for the feminist movement.

Reported incidence rates of work-related sexual harassment in the United States: Using meta-analysis to explain reported rate disparities

This study presents a meta-analyic review of the incidence of sexual harassment in the U.S. The impact of 3 main moderator variables (type of survey used, sampling technique, and the type of work environment in which the study was conducted) on the reported incidence rate was estimated by cumulating incidence rates reported in the literature. Results show that directly querying the respondents about whether or not they experienced sexual harassment (vs.

Tailhook and the construction of sexual harassment in the media: Rowdy navy boys and the women who made a difference

By examining the reporting of the Tailhook incident in the mainstream media from the event itself through the conclusion of military and congressional debates about its meaning 5 yrs later, this article demonstrates that the media construct representations that are in accordance with the dominant gender ideology. The military's interpretation of Tailhook--"boys will be boys" with "party girls"--was contested by the women who were harassed and assaulted.

Examining the Sexual Harassment Experiences of Mexican Immigrant Farmworking Women

This study examined sexual harassment experiences of Mexican immigrant farmworking women (n = 150) employed on California farms. Of the estimated one million California farmworkers, 78% are Latino, mostly from Mexico, and 28% are women. Unlike gender-segregated worksites of Mexico, women farmworkers in the United States labor alongside men, facilitating harassment from coworkers and supervisors. Simultaneous sexist, racist, and economic discrimination are comparable to converging lanes of automobile traffic (Crenshaw, 2000) that women, standing at the intersections, manage to avoid harm.

Examining the Sexual Harassment Experiences of Mexican Immigrant Farmworking Women

This study examined sexual harassment experiences of Mexican immigrant farmworking women (n = 150) employed on California farms. Of the estimated one million California farmworkers, 78% are Latino, mostly from Mexico, and 28% are women. Unlike gender-segregated worksites of Mexico, women farmworkers in the United States labor alongside men, facilitating harassment from coworkers and supervisors. Simultaneous sexist, racist, and economic discrimination are comparable to converging lanes of automobile traffic (Crenshaw, 2000) that women, standing at the intersections, manage to avoid harm.

Asian and non-Asian attitudes toward rape, sexual harassment, and sexuality

The purpose of this study was to explore potential differences between Asian and non-Asian university students in attitudes toward coercive and noncoercive sexual behavior. Four hundred women and men (205 Asian, 195 non-Asian) were assessed on attitudes towards rape, sexual harassment, and general sexual behavior. Length of residency in Canada for Asian respondents was examined to determine whether "Westernization" might attenuate differences. Analysis revealed that Asian students were significantly more conservative in attitudes toward sexual behavior.

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