A systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions to prevent and respond to violence against persons with disabilities.

Summary: The purpose of the study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on effectiveness of interventions to prevent and reduce the consequences of interpersonal violence against individuals with disabilities.  After conducting a variety of searches, 10 separate studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. Six of the studies included individuals with intellectual disabilities. Two studies included individuals with developmental disabilities. All studies received a weak rating based on the use of a quality assessment tool.

A survivor's group for women who have a learning disability

Describes a women's group run for 6 women (aged 20-33 yrs) with learning disabilities and a history of sexual abuse/assault. It outlines the format of the group sessions, the therapeutic process and the outcome of the evaluation of the impact of the group on the women's psychological well-being, self-esteem, assertiveness and general satisfaction with the intervention. The outcome was generally favorable, however, this was not maintained on all the measures at 3 mo follow-up. Possible reasons for the results are discussed, along with recommendations for future group work.

Stranger and Acquaintance Sexual Assault of Adult Males

This study examined victim and assault characteristics and the nature and extent of coercion, violence, and physical injuries among adult male victims of sexual assaults. Client records of three groups presenting to a sexual assault care center were included: males assaulted by a stranger (n = 64), males assaulted by an acquaintance (n = 81), and females assaulted by an acquaintance (n = 106).

Potential risk factors for rape in three ethnic groups

Describes the frequency of possible risk factors that emerged in a study of psychosocial response to sexual assault among African-American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic White women during treatment at a major urban rape treatment center. Of 881 victims screened, 51% had no observable risk factors while the remaining 49% were in categories of increased vulnerability, such as mental disability, prior history of rape or incest, tourist or visitor status, and homelessness.

Medical and psychiatric symptoms in female gastroenterology clinic patients with histories of sexual victimization

Several recent retrospective reports have associated prior sexual victimization and long-term medical sequelae such as increased medical clinic utilization and reports of physical symptoms. However, methodoligical constraints have limited the generalizability of these findings. Our study was designed using structured interviews with a sequential sample of 89 female gastroenterology clinic patients, who were classified by severity of sexual trauma and studied for differences in lifetime psychiatric diagnoses, physical abuse, and medicially unexplained symptom patterns.

Sexually abused women with mental retardation: Hidden victims, absent resources

Described sexual abuse (SA) among 14 adult women with mild mental retardation and examined the characteristics and experiences of the SA among them. Ss were interviewed and administered the Socio-Sexual Knowledge and Attitude Test. 11 Ss reported 59 separate instances of SA. Nearly 82% of the survivors were molested prior to their 18th birthday. Sex education did not prevent SA, but instead increased the reporting of SA. Most of the Ss received no medical, psychological, or legal help.


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