college

The effectiveness of two types of rape prevention programs in changing the rape-supportive attitudes of college students

The current study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of two rape prevention programs in changing college students' rape-supportive attitudes. Male and female undergraduate (N=215) were asssigned to one of three conditions: an interactive mock talk show intervention, a structured video intervention, or a control group. Participants in this study were predominantly Caucasiona and ranged from in age from 18 to 42 years old, with a mean of 20 years of age.

Sexual assault education programs: A meta-analytic examination of their effectiveness

Meta-analyses of the effectiveness of college sexual assault education programs on seven outcome measure categories were conducted using 69 studies that involved 102 treatment interventions and 18,172 participants. Five of the outcome categories had significant average effect sizes (i.e., rape attitudes, rape-related attitudes, rape knowledge, behavioral intent, and incidence of sexual assault), while the outcome areas of rape empathy and rape awareness behaviors did not have average effect sizes that differed from zero.

Acquaintance rape and alcohol consumption on college campuses: How are they linked?

This article explores the links between acquaintance rape and alcohol consumption among college students. Both heavy drinking and acquaintance rape are serious problems on college campuses, and they frequently co-occur. Seven explanations for the relationship between alcohol consumption and acquaintance rape are provided: three of these explanations focus on alcohol consumption by the perpetrator and four focus on alcohol consumption by the victim. The need to conduct studies and develop prevention programs that address these issues is discussed.

Alcohol-related sexual assault: A common problem among college students

Objective: This article summarizes research on the role of alcohol in college students' sexual assault experiences. Sexual assault is extremely common among college students. At least half of these sexual assaults involve alcohol consumption by the perpetrator, the victim or both. Method: Two research literatures were reviewed: the sexual assault literature and the literature that examines alcohol's effects on aggressive and sexual behavior.

Late adolescents' perspectives on marital rape: The impact of gender and fraternity/sorority membership

Although recent studies of marital rape have examined both victims' and perpetrators' social and psychological characteristics, little attention had been directed to the attitudes of others toward marital rape.Using a systematic sample of college students, this study examined attitudes toward marital rape--in particular, the impact of gender and fraternity/sorority membership on respondents' (1) views regarding marital rape compared to rape by a stranger; (2) feelings about possible actions a woman who is a victim of marital rape can take; and (3) attitudes toward legislation pertaining to mar

Risky behaviors associated with interpersonal victimization:Comparisons based on type, number, and characteristics of assault incidents

This study investigated the association of recent risk-taking behaviors (i.e., substance use and risky sexual behaviors) and lifetime interpersonal victimization in a sample of 310 female university students. Specifically, type of victimization (sexual or physical), number of experiences (single vs. multiple), and characteristics of assault (e.g., relationship to the perpetrator) were examined.

Getting inside the house: The effectiveness of a rape prevention program for college fraternity men

To investigate the effectiveness of a socialization-focused rape prevention program designed specifically for college fraternity men, 90 Greek male participants (mean age 19.6; 95.6% Caucasian) were randomly assigned to 1 to 3 groups: 2 treatment groups and 1 control group. Results suggest that a socialization approach to rape education was as effective as a more traditional prevention program with regard to attitudes and knowledge. Participants in the rape prevention programs, for example, held fewer rape myths and had a clearer understanding of consent than the control group.

Characteristics of men who aggress sexually and of men who imagine aggressing: Risk and moderating variables

The authors showed that the extent to which men's personalities were self-centered rather than sensitive to others' needs moderated the connection between risk-factors and sexually aggressive behavior. Men who were at risk for committing aggression but who were also sensitive to others' feelings aggressed less than the corresponding group, who had relatively self-centered personalities. However, both groups showed high levels of imagined sexual aggression.

The violent and sexual victimization of college women: Is repeat victimization a problem?

Little attention has been given to repeat violent and sexual victimization among college women. Using two national-level data sets, the authors find that a small proportion of college women experience a large proportion of violent and sexual victimizations. Women are more likely to experience repeat sexual victimization than repeat violence incidents. Repeat victimization tends to happen in the same month of the initial victimization, and the most likely next type of victimization is by far the same type of victimization.

Creating attitudinal change through teaching: how a course on Women and Violence changes students' attitudes about violence against women

Research on violence against women has consistently revealed that rape-myth acceptance (RMA) is high correlated with rape rates and victim blaming. Other research has shown that education about violence against women is a useful strategy for lessening or stopping various types of violence, particularly rape. Using data gathered at a medium-sized public university in the Northeast, the authors examine changes in rape myth acceptance over the course of a semester among undergraduate students.

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