Research summary: We provide results of a 1997 national-level study of stalking among college women. Over an approximately seven-month period, 13.1% of the women reported being stalked. Although physical harm was not common, the incidents typically lasted two months, involved frequent contact by offenders, and prompted victims to take protective actions. Lifestyle-routine activities, prior sexual victimization, and demographic characteristics affected the risk of victimization.
Contrary to the image of college campuses as "ivory towers," the victimization of college students recently has been portrayed as a serious problem deserving policy intervention. Based on interviews designed after the National Crime Victimization Survey, which were conducted wtih 3,472 randomly selected students across 12 institutions, we examined both the level and sources of students' victimization. More than one-third of the sample reported being victims during the 1993-94 academic year.
Beginning with M. P. Koss, C. A. Gidycz, and N. Wisniewski's pathbreaking study, the sexual victimization of female college students has emerged as salient research and policy concern. Building on this earlier work, we used a national, random sample of 4,446 female college students to focus on an issue of continuing importance: the level and determinants of victims' willingness to report their sexual victimization.
Participants were college fraternity men (N=155) who were in either a pretested and posttested rape-prevention program, a posttested rape-prevention program, or an untreated control group. Significant declines in rape myth acceptance and behavioral intent to rape were shown among program participants regardless of whether they were pretested. (Author/MKA)
Tested hypothesis that a personalized acquaintance rape prevention program reduces risk-taking behavior and increases perception of vulnerability. Seventy female college students were exposed to Acquaintance Rape Prevention Program with experimentals and controls receiving personalized or nonpersonalized instruction, respectively. Findings showed personalizing the acquaintance rape prevention program increased intent to avoid risk-taking behaviors for all women. (Author/PVV)
The present study evaluated the efficacy of a sexual assault risk-reduction program that included a physical self-defense component for college women (N= 500). Program group women significantly increased their protective behaviors over the 6-month follow-up period compared to the waiting-list control group. However, there were no significant differences between the two groups regarding rates of sexual victimization, assertive communication, or feelings of self-efficacy over the follow-up periods.
The current study investigated the effects of gender, gender role, gender role stereotypes, age, occupation, and experience of sexual harassment on both attitudes to and perceptions of sexual harassment. The effects of these variables were also investigated in relation to experience of sexual harassment. Five questionnaires were administered to a sample of 48 high school students, 73 university students, and 75 workers (123 females, 73 males). The majority of respondents were of Anglo-Saxon descent.
Rape victim-blaming attitudes are examined with data from a probability sample of students at a southern university (male, n = 511; female, n = 666). Hypotheses derived from two competing versions of attribution theory, "defensive attribution" and "need for control," are tested to examine the effects of gender, past female sexual victimization, past male sexual aggression, nonsexual crime victimization, and risk taking on rape myth acceptance.