college

Examining immediate and long-term efficacy of rape prevention programming with racially diverse college men

Investigates the short- and long-term effectiveness of a theoretically driven, programmatic rape prevention intervention on a sample of primarily White and Black college men. Importance of longer term interventions; Relevance of the culturally specific intervention to racial and ethnic minorities; Decrease in rape supportive attitudes

A mixed-gender date rape prevention intervention targeting freshmen college athletes.

This paper describes the evaluation of a mixed-gender workshop given to all freshman athletes from a large eastern university. A randomized post-test only experimental design was used to compare the date rape attitudes of freshman athletes who were exposed to a mixed-gender date rape workshop (n=56) with those of athletes who were not exposed (n=85). A previously validated instrument, the 25 item Date Rape Attitudes Survey (DRAS) was used as the criterion measure.

Psychosocial factors associated with reports of physical dating violence victimization among U.S. adolescent males

The present study, based upon the national 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey of U.S. high school students, provides the most current and representative data on physical dating violence among adolescent males (N = 6,528) The dependent variable was physical dating violence. The independent variables included four dimensions: violence, suicide, subtance use, and sexual risk behavior. Unadjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were examined followed by multivariate logistic regression analyses, which included all significant independent variables from the bivariate analyses.

Healthy dating: A mixed-gender date rape workshop

Describes a mixed-gender workshop on date rape prevention given to more than 1,400 undergraduate students in more than 80 presentations. To guide modifications of the workshop, formative evaluation data were collected from 330 male and 314 female university students. Results were largely positive. Despite the sensitive nature of the topic, only 10.2% of the men and 8.2% of the women reported being uncomfortable discussing date rape in mixed-gender groups. Furthermore, students were virtually unanimous in their agreement that date rape is a topic worthy of a workshop.

College women's fears and precautionary behaviors relating to acquaintance rape and stranger rape

Past research on women's fear of rape has focused on women's fears relating to stranger rape, even though most rapes are acquaintance rapes. In this study, 139 undergraduate women completed a questionnaire concerning their fears, precautionary behaviors, and beliefs relating to acquaintance and stranger rape. Ss reported being more fearful of rape by strangers than by acquaintances, and they reported engaging in more precautionary behaviors because of fear of stranger rape than of acquaintance rape.

Acquaintance rape prevention with high-risk women: identification and inoculation

Reasons are presented why rape education programming for women who have been sexually victimized may need to be different and separate from general programming. A process for identifying high-risk women is described. "Inoculation," a counseling group process, is described. Evaluation, feedback, and recommendations are reported. (EMK)

Dating aggression, sexual coercion, and aggression-supporting attitudes among college men as a function of participation in aggressive high school sports

Aggressive male sports have been criticized as bastions of sexism and training grounds for aggression against women, but there have been few empirical demonstrations of these alleged relationships. The authors studied self-reported dating aggression and sexual coercion in 147 college men.

Feminist Rape Education: Does It Work?

The purpose of this research report is twofold: First, we analyze a complex of attitudes about rape myths, adversarial sexual beliefs, and gender-role conservatism; and second, we evaluate the impact of rape-education intervention strategies on American College student's attitudes. Using the Solomon four-group design, we randomly assigned 14 classes of Sociology 101 students (total N = 582) to three different treatment conditions: a live rape-education workshop, a video of the workshop, and a control group.

Risk factors and correlates of dating violence: the relevance of examining frequency and severity levels in a college sample

To determine whether categorizing levels of violence along dimensions of frequency and severity would result in informative distinctions among individuals using dating violence, reported use of physical violence, along with variables theorized to be related to use of force in intimate relationships, was assessed in a sample of 617 college students (males = 290; females = 327). When participants' scores were analyzed by dichotomizing them along the lines of ever versus never using dating violence, numerous past findings were replicated.

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