college

Bystander intervention among college men: The role of alcohol and correlates of sexual aggression.

Summary: 242 undergraduate male students (mean age of 20) enrolled at a Northeastern University completed an online questionnaire for the current study.  The study participants answered questions that sought to measure: their demographics, alcohol use, bystander intervention attitudes, perceptions of peer approval of sexual aggression, and comfort with sexism, rape supportive attitudes, and engagement in coercive sexual behavior.  The correlation analyses conducted for the research study found that heavy alcohol use was associated with lower prosocial attitudes towards bystander interventio

"I fear I'm a checkbox": College and university victim advocates' perspectives of campus rape reforms.

Summary: 14 campus victim’s advocates from colleges and Universities in the Northeastern United States participated in semi-structured face to face interviews.  The interview transcripts were then analyzed using a thematic approach.  The main themes that emerged from the study were: policy environment, insufficient information, campus climate, shifts in responsibility, and campus response.  This study emphasized that the college/University response to sexual assault has often been in the form of policy reforms with little guidance as to how the policies should be enacted while upholding vic

"Consent is good, joyous, sexy": A banner campaign to market consent to college students.

Summary: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a banner campaign to promote consent among college students. The main message of this campaign was that consent is necessary and positive. A random sample of 1200 undergraduate students completed an online survey, which asked students if they remembered seeing the banners on campus, and whether their reactions to them were positive or negative.

Risk management in college fraternities: Guidance from two faculty advisors.

Summary: This paper explored existing literature on sexual assault and alcohol consumption within Greek Life, as well as provided recommendations for administrators and staff who oversee or are involved in fraternity activities on college campuses. Recommendations for advisors?? included strong involvement and oversight of the rush process and presence at social functions.

Campus sexual assault: A systematic review of prevalence research from 2000 to 2015.

Summary: This systematic review examined 34 studies on campus sexual assault published from 2000 to 2015. This systematic review looked at specific forms of sexual victimization, as well as the prevalence of these forms. The specific forms were unwanted sexual contact, sexual coercion, rape by force, and rape by incapacitation (usually through the use of alcohol). Findings suggested that unwanted sexual contact was the most prevalent form of sexual assault on campus, followed by rape by incapacitation, and completed or attempted rape by force.

Sexual assault supportive attitudes rape myth acceptance and token resistance in Greek and non-Greek college students from two University samples in the United State

Summary: This study explores rape supportive attitudes and sexual assault victimization among college students. The study surveyed 1,002 college students and asked questions about beliefs related to token resistance and rape myth acceptance. The study also looked at past experiences of non-consensual sex. Researchers used the data to make comparisons based on involvement in Greek Life, gender and race/ethnicity. Researchers found that Greek men demonstrated the greatest endorsement of rape myth acceptance and token resistance compared to any group.

A critical review of sexual violence prevention on college campuses.

Summary: This review sought to increase the data and research regarding what qualifies as an evidence-based rape prevention program with a target population of college/University students.  The researchers conducted their review utilizing the databases of PsychInfo and Web of Science.  The researchers utilized multiple combinations of the following keywords: intervention, prevention, sexual assault, sexual aggression, sexual violence, and rape.  The searches resulted in the identification of 158 studies.  Of those identified studies, 28 were evaluated as part of the review.  Based on the re

It’s her fault: Student acceptance of rape myths on two college campuses.

Summary: This study was conducted at a community college and a University that were located in the same Midwestern city.  263 students participated with the majority (84%) of the students attending the University.  60% of the participants were female, 39% were males, and 1% did not specify a gender.  The majority (58.7%) of the participants reported drinking alcohol at least one to three times a week.  Among those who reported drinking, many also reported engaging in binge drinking, highlighting the need for alcohol education and prevention programs that work in conjunction with rape educat

Predictors of sexual assault–specific prosocial bystander behavior and intentions: A prospective analysis.

The purpose of the study was to examine how male college students’ own attitudes and behaviors and their perceptions of peer attitudes and behaviors affect intentions and engagement in prosocial bystander behavior.  273 male undergraduate students of a large Midwestern University participated in the study.  The study took place throughout an academic year with data collected at baseline and two follow-up time periods.  The male participants completed questionnaires regarding their experiences of sexual aggression since they were 14 years of age, relevant attitudes, and behaviors.  The resea

Formative research with college men to Inform content and messages for a web-based sexual violence prevention program.

Summary: The purpose of the study was to gather data on attitudes and beliefs of college-aged men to inform a web-based sexual violence prevention program. A sample of 48 undergraduate male students from a large, public southeastern university participated in 8 focus groups. Topics discussed included how participants obtain consent for sex, their ideas on the relationship between alcohol and sex, how comfortable participants felt in intervening as bystanders, and techniques for bystander interventions, as identified by the men.

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