Drinking Motivations and Experiences of Unwanted Sexual Advances Among Undergraduate Students

This study examined the relationship between drinking motivations and college students' experiences with unwanted sexual advances. Undergraduates, from a public university in the mid-Atlantic region, who reported recent (30 day) alcohol use ( n = 289) completed an online survey midway through the spring 2007 academic semester. Experiencing an unwanted sexual advance was the outcome of interest for the present study. The independent variables included sociodemographics and a three-factor (social ease, social image or reputation, emotional distress) drinking motivation measure.

Sexual Assault in Postmenopausal Women.

Objective: To examine patient characteristics, patterns of injury, forensic evidence, and the frequency of sexual assault in postmenopausal rape victims from 1986-1991., Methods: Medical and forensic records were reviewed from 129 postmenopausal women (50 years of age or older) and 129 women from a comparison group (14-49 years of age) who reported having been sexually assaulted. Statistical analysis was performed by Student t test, X 2, multiple logistic regression, or Fisher exact test., Results: Postmenopausal women represented 2.2% of women reporting sexual assault in Dallas County.

The broader context of relational aggression in adolescent romantic relationships: Predictions from peer pressure and links to psychosocial functioning

The broader context of relational aggression in adolescent romantic relationships was assessed by considering the ways such aggression emerged from prior experiences of peer pressure and was linked to concurrent difficulties in psychosocial functioning. Longitudinal, multi-reporter data were obtained from 97 adolescents and their best friends at age 15 and from adolescents and their romantic partners at age 18.

Alcohol-involved assault: Associations with posttrauma alcohol use, consequences, and expectancies.

This study examined the relationship between alcohol use during an assault and alcohol use behavior among 306 undergraduate women at a large west-coast university. The differences in assault characteristics between women who have experienced an alcohol-involved assault (AIA) and women who have not experienced an alcohol-involved assault where compared. Among women who reported being sexually assaulted, 60.1% involved alcohol. Significantly more AIAs were perpetrated by acquaintances but not previously intimate assailants and assaults were more severe in terms of injuries and force.

Does alcohol contribute to the confluence model of sexual assault perpetration?

The confluence model of sexual assault provides a useful theoretical integration of factors that influence men's likelihood of committing sexual assault (Malamuth, Sockloskie, Koss, Tanaka, 1991). This study replicates and extends the confluence model by including alcohol at multiple levels. Participants' usual alcohol consumption and alcohol consumption in sexual situations were included as predictor variables.


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