Bystander intervention among college men: The role of alcohol and correlates of sexual aggression.

Summary: 242 undergraduate male students (mean age of 20) enrolled at a Northeastern University completed an online questionnaire for the current study.  The study participants answered questions that sought to measure: their demographics, alcohol use, bystander intervention attitudes, perceptions of peer approval of sexual aggression, and comfort with sexism, rape supportive attitudes, and engagement in coercive sexual behavior.  The correlation analyses conducted for the research study found that heavy alcohol use was associated with lower prosocial attitudes towards bystander interventio

In-the-moment dissociation, emotional numbing, and sexual risk: The influence of sexual trauma history, trauma symptoms, and alcohol intoxication.

Summary: The purpose of this study was to examine associations from experiencing sexual trauma and acute alcohol intoxication on dissociation, emotional numbing, and sexual risk intentions during “in the moment” sexual scenarios.

The role of social drinking factors in the relationship between incapacitated sexual assault and drinking before sexual activity.

Summary: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between incapacitated sexual assault (ISA) and drinking before engaging in sexual activity. A sample of 602 undergraduate female college students completed an online survey on history of ISA, social factors associated with drinking, and frequency of drinking before sexual activity. Higher perceived drinking norms and more social drinking motive endorsement were associated with more severe ISA histories.

Longitudinal predictors of serious physical and sexual dating violence victimization during adolescence

BACKGROUND: This study identifies potentially modifiable risk factors for the onset of and chronic victimization from serious physical and sexual dating violence. METHODS: One thousand two hundred ninety-one 8th and 9th graders from a county in North Carolina were assessed annually for 5 and 4 years, respectively. RESULTS: For males, having been hit by an adult with the intention of harm, having low self-esteem, and having been in a physical fight with a peer predicted onset of serious physical dating violence victimization.

Acquaintance rape: The influence of alcohol, fraternity membership, and sports team membership

Determined the extent of sexual victimization among undergraduate women at a large Midwestern university with specific attention to alcohol use, fraternity membership, and sports team membership. Data were collected via a mail survey from a randomly selected sample of 925 undergraduate women (aged 17-36 yrs). In addition to several dichotomous questions, Ss were asked to describe the most sexually stressful event they had experienced since enrolling at the university.

The prediction of sexual aggression by alcohol use, athletic participation and fraternity affiliation

Alcohol, athletics, and fraternities have been targeted in the popular media as primary causes of sexual aggression on campus. Except in the case of alcohol, the empirical data supporting these associations is weak. The present study assessed the joint contribution of these three variables to the prediction of sexual aggression among a sample of 530 undergraduate men including 140 athletes representing all varsity sports.

Risk for reassault in abusive female same-sex relationships

Objectives. We revised the Danger Assessment to predict reassault in abusive female same-sex relationships. Methods. We used focus groups and interviews to evaluate the assessment tool and identify new risk factors and telephone interviews at baseline and at 1-month follow-up to evaluate the revised assessment. Results. The new assessment tool comprised 8 original and 10 new items.

A prospective analysis of sexual assault perpetration: Risk factors related to perpetrator characteristics

This study prospectively evaluated perpetrator risk factors for sexual assault perpetration, including peer influences, beliefs and attitudes about sexuality, alcohol use, and token resistance. Perpetration of sexual assault was evaluated at three time periods: pretest, 3-month follow-up, and 7-month follow-up. Retrospective and prospective analyses yielded differential predictors of sexually aggressive behavior. However, perpetration of sexual assault at any particular assessment period was a predictor of perpetration during the subsequent follow-up period.


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