african-american

Correlates of adolescent reports of sexual assault: Findings from the National Survey of Adolescents

This study examines how key demographic variables and specific child sexual assault (CSA) incident characteristics were related to whether adolescents reported that they had told anyone about an alleged sexual assault. The study also investigates whether there were differences in the correlates of CSA disclosure as a function of gender and race/ethnicity. A national household probability sample of 4,023 adolescents was interviewed by telephone about childhood experiences, including CSA history.

The prediction of sexual aggression by alcohol use, athletic participation and fraternity affiliation

Alcohol, athletics, and fraternities have been targeted in the popular media as primary causes of sexual aggression on campus. Except in the case of alcohol, the empirical data supporting these associations is weak. The present study assessed the joint contribution of these three variables to the prediction of sexual aggression among a sample of 530 undergraduate men including 140 athletes representing all varsity sports.

Evaluating child and youth homelessness

Following a review of approaches taken to generate accurate estimates of the scale of child and youth homelessness in America, this article documents the methods and results of a multipronged count of homeless children and youth in New Haven, Connecticut. The survey used in this count accessed demographics and service needs, and was administered on the streets and in a wide range of service provision settings. A total of 170 homeless families were located, comprised primarily of young, single, African American women and their children.

Risk factors for adolescent substance abuse and dependence: Data from a national sample

A national household probability sample of 4,023 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years was interviewed by telephone about substance use, victimization experiences, familial substance use, and posttraumatic reactions to identify risk factors for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders- (4th ed. ; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) defined substance abuse/dependence. Age and ethnicity data were available for 3,907 participants.

Forced Sex and Intimate Partner Violence

A volunteer community sample of 159 primarily (77%) African American battered women were interviewed about forced sex by their partner (or ex-partner). Almost half (45.9%) of the sample had been sexually assaulted as well as physically abused. Except for ethnicity, there were no demographic differences between those who were forced into sex and those who were not, and there was no difference in history of child sexual abuse.

The sexual assault and secondary victimization of female veterans: Help-seeking expereinces with military and civilian social systems

A sample of predominantly low-income, African American female veterans and reservists seeking health care in a Veterans' Administration medical clinic was screened for a history of sexual assault since age 18. Overall, 39% had been sexually assaulted in adulthood. Those who had been sexually victimized were asked to describe one assault incident in detail: 38% described an assault that occurred during military service and 62% described one that occurred before or after military service.

Survivors' identification of protective factors and early warning signs for intimate partner violence

An exploratory, qualitative study generated hypotheses about women in violent heterosexual relationships: reasons women stay, what helps end the violence, barriers, potential early warning signs, resources, racial differences, and location differences. Twenty-two focus groups of urban and rural African American and White women in five U.S. regions were convened. Participants were at least 18 years of age, had experienced physical violence in intimate relationships, and had been free of violence for at least 6 months.

Violence against women: Examining ethnic differences and commonalities

Investigated cultural differences and similarities in the options that a woman perceives, the help she seeks, and the nature and scope of violence she experiences in an intimate relationship using a group discussion format. Adult volunteer Ss represented the African American, Anglo American, Asian American, and Mexican American communities. The 12 focus groups were comprised of 3 to 10 Ss of the same ethnicity, gender, and current residence (i.e., shelter or community).

Potential risk factors for rape in three ethnic groups

Describes the frequency of possible risk factors that emerged in a study of psychosocial response to sexual assault among African-American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic White women during treatment at a major urban rape treatment center. Of 881 victims screened, 51% had no observable risk factors while the remaining 49% were in categories of increased vulnerability, such as mental disability, prior history of rape or incest, tourist or visitor status, and homelessness.

Cross-gender perpetration and victimization among early adolescents and associations with attitudes toward dating conflict

This study examined gender differences in cross-gender violence perpetration and victimization (ranging from mild, e.g., push, to severe, e.g., assault with a knife or gun) and attitudes toward dating conflict, among an urban sample of 601 early adolescents (78% African-American). Comparisons across gender groups for cross-gender (e.g., female-to-male) violence perpetration and victimization indicated higher levels of perpetration for girls and higher levels of victimization for boys.

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